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ENGL 345 (48)


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English (Arts)
ENGL 345
Nathalie Cooke

Rondeau - 13 octosyllabic lines - stanzas of 5, 3, 5 - aabba aabR aabbaR In Flanders Fields - a and b are consistent throughout the poem - the recurring refrain occurs at the end of the second and third stanzas - originally a musical form from the 11th to 13th C - eventually developed a poetic form from the music - songs about courtly love and chivalry (Jean Renart's Rouman de la Rose) - there are not a lot of written works still around other than this - moving from homophony to polyphony - one person singing to two or more people singing the same chant line at different points (sometimes at counterchant) - music was becoming too complex for everyone to master both the poetry and the music, so they were divorced from one another near the end of the 14th C - the Rondeau that we know today was different from the Rondon, which was the musical form - this was very popular in the 15th C after the ballad in the 14th C - Charles, duke of Orleans wrote rondeau in prison, and made it popular - traditional form is quintet,
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