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Journal Entry 2

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Department
English (Arts)
Course
ENGL 345
Professor
Nathalie Cooke
Semester
Fall

Description
Dramatic Monologue - Involves one speaker; it's an internal argument spoken aloud for the audience. - Dramatic Monologue explores a problem from the point of psychological observation. - Insanity used to be seen as a punishment from God, but then they figured out that it was physical and that opened up many new character avenues in writing. - It reveals the inner life of the speaker. - This is often confused with a soliloquy > there lines are directed to themselves. - Height of popularity was in the Victorian era: My Last Duchess and Ulysses, The Wanderer and Seafarer. Several Modernist poets. - The decline in use was attributed to increasing political goings-on. - Browning contributed highly and explored the psyche. My Last Duchess http://rpo.library.utoronto.ca/poem/288.html - He placed the poem in the 17th Century, but we read it through the 19th Century's debates. - The Duke prefers his wife as a painting, because he likes the amount of control he can exercise over her and the fact that he can hide her away from the world as he wills. - Written in iambic pentameter, AABB > heroic couplets, but sometimes they are enjambed (open couplets). - The tone and the pace contribute to the meaning of the writing. - This form is intended to divulge information about the character. - The poem doesn't say how she died, but it is implied that he killed her. - Analyze the form and structure as well when reading this in order to gain a greater understanding of the character, but do not confuse the author and the speaker. - For our activity, we were to analyze the character of the speaker in Porphyria's Lover. http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/rb/porphyria/porphyria.html - Short couplets, ababb; written in iambic tetrameter. - Told from the point of view of Porphyria's murderous lover after he has killed her. - He sees her death as her having given herself to him forever. - He wanted to keep her exactly as she was in order to perserve the moment. - He doesn't see anything wrong with what he's done; she is not a human being, she is an object. - He emphasizes the fact that she felt no pain. > that is not what he wanted, he is not sadistic. Other groups looked at: The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock http://www.bartleby.com/198/1.html - The style is nervous and scattered and sometimes fades in and out of structured. Loxley Hall http://www.bartleby.com/42/636.html - Pining for lost love, a soldier whose values don't agree with those of the current society, which makes him very tragic. His speech is like a rocking horse, and there is one line where he finally snaps, though it could not be agreed upon which line. Lady Lazarus http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15292 - Themes of rebirth and dying... it builds up and stops through the use of endstop and enjambment. Male oppression against women; it's like a show. We're unravelling the shroud (as of the Biblical Lazarus) of the rich character of this lady. It is almost like a nursery rhyme with political statements. - Dramatic Monologue grows with you: you must be attuned to the tone of the speaker and very attentive in order to appreciate it fully. - The Pauper Witch of Grafton was mentioned as well. http://www.americanpoems.com/poets/robertfrost/701 - Further reading: In Fine Form: 278 Elegy my father moved through dooms of love http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15405 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S6LkRTw1wjM - Very somber, mournful; lamenting the death of a personality. - Connected back to the flute, and even further back to the ancient greek gods. - In terms of Greek/Latin literature, it's any poem written in elegaics (alternating hexameter and pentameter). - Now, the term simply represents any lament for a person. Meter is optional. An Elegy written in a Country Church Yard http://www.blupete.com/Literature/Poetry/Elegy.htm http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSd1FH-KT3w - This poem is lyrical, not narrative: it expresses feeling rather than tell a story. - The speaker sees a churchyard and wonders about morality. - This is actually in the cemetary of the churchyard where Gray was buried. - 4-line stanzas, abab, written in iambic pentameter: thus this is heroic quatrain. - Our group was tasked with reassembling the third part of this poem, which we did largely by matching the rhyme scheme and then checking it for meaning. - This form is a simple way to express the beauty of what we consider to be a classic roman epic poem; now it is a lament. - Further reading: http://www.credoreference.com.proxy2.library.mcgill.ca/entry/blit/elegy http://www.credoreference.com.proxy2.library.mcgill.ca/entry/gwmedieval/elegy Coursepack: 20 Epic - An epic is a long, narrative poem, celebrating heroes. - The hero either saves or founds a nation. - This was an oral tradition all over the world: it is recognized as one of the oldest forms of poetry. The author doesn't write the story, but simply tells it: there are many variations of the same tale, which is why they needed to be written down. - Memorizing something this grand is tricky, which is why they are broken down into shorter episodes or books. - As for the scansion, the rhyme and length are arbitrary. The meter varies by language: in English, it is iambic pentameter. - These poems have settings (either real or mythical), in the past (an unreal time: "a long, long, time ago"). The heroes embody the values of society. - The poem begins In Media Res with stating a theme and invoking the Muse. There are heroes who reoccur accross several epics, each telling of some kind of quest that they undertake. There is divine intervention. There are long, formal, boring speeches and lists of things, such as rivers or place names. Makes use of epithets, or regularly-repeated descriptions (bright-eyed Athena, the breakers of horses). Uses epic simile, which is essentially a very long simile. The Odyssey (Book 1) http://classics.mit.edu/Homer/odyssey.1.i.html - The sirens: Invokes a muse, there is epithet, it introduces the theme of the poem. Paradise Lost http://www.paradiselost.org/lmg/Book-1.html - Written in iambic pentamenter (with a few exceptions for emphasis on certain things: he's asking us to stop and think of Man's First Disobedience (which is an epithet), to think when he invokes the muse, to think of the setting.) - He uses a lot of enjambment: you must keep reading in order to know what is going to happen. This piece has a very powerful effect, as it makes you continue through the whole thing before you can pause. - Kieran mentioned catalog, but did not write it down. - Our group came up with several epithets for Seuss' Cat in the Hat, but did not have time to formulate a whole epic beginning http://www-958.ibm.com/software/data/cognos/manyeyes/datasets/the-cat-in-the-hat- text/versions/1 - "That most fastuous feline" - "The wise Pisces" - "those two children of boredom" - "the {insert varying edjectives} things of red and blue" Mock Epic - Iambic pentameter, heroic couplets. - The difference from epic is that the humor tends to be achieved through irony. The Rape of the Lock http://www.classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/apope/bl-apope-rape.htm - Horatian satire and not Juvenalian satire, which is more abrasive. this is hyperbolic - Reading 75-96: she has a hairpin and spice in order to attack the baron and steal her hair back: it's all rather ridiculous. - Pope satirize
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