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Journal Entry 3

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McGill University
English (Arts)
ENGL 345
Nathalie Cooke

Found Poetry - for a definition of found poetry The Unknown by Hart Seely - Hart Seely simply took a quote from Donald Rumsfeld on the unknown and restructured it - This makes it basically the ideal found poem. - Not held back by strict structure, (everything varies) and poetic devices are not necessary. - there are different varieties of found poetry. - Cento: made from the lines of other poems. Has existed for ages where people were taking inspiration from Virgil and Ovid. - Erasure: created by erasing words in a poem. - Cut up technique: a text is cut up and rearranged to create something new. - Flarf: random searches on google. - Spoetry: made from spam email. Wolf Cento by Simone Muench - One stanza, 14 lines, each with great variation in terms of stress and stanza. - All of the lines here are taken from other poems. - Compare this to "I google myself." I Google Myself by Mel Nichols - Looking at these two shows the diversity of the form. - As technology has progressed, so has found poetry. Elementary Treatise of Mechanics by William Whewell - This is from early on. - This from now. - A lot of people question the legitimacy of this form as being a "Real" form. A lot of people compare it to a child finding a piece of driftwood on the floor and calling it a found sculpture. - Constraints: you are kind of limited by the text, but really, you're not. - Poets are no longer confined to their own minds. - You have to be very careful about sourcing your sources. - The power of found poetry: "turning a text into a poem doubles that poem's context" - Annie Dillard - This gives us multiple ways of thinking about a poem's meaning. - Paper trail: found from scraps of paper that fell from the sky on 9/11. - Is this truly found poetry? - Yes, because you're able to add or take away as much as you like to the original poem. It differs in degree rather than form. - Knowing this gives the poem so much more power. - Activity: create found poetry in order to understand the meaning of the form. - Instead, we will have a discussion of found poetry. - For academic integrity, we would not be allowed to do this. - Poetic license is different from academic lisence. Glosa - A poem composed as an amplification of lines taken from an earlier and better-known poem, although not literally as a gloss in the explanatory sense. This is commonly a quatrain from another poem, and then a poet writes a different poem based on these four lines. These four lines are referred to as cabeza - There is no specific required form, but they sometimes follow AABB. Standard is 10 lines/stnaza, but not all follow that. 6, 9 and 10 are generally rhymed. some glozas repeat the first and last lines of each stanza. - Originated to tribute to the spanish court in particular. - Allows poets to pay homage to influential poets, but also emphasize the independent meanings of the poem. - Sometimes the original context of the poem can be lost. P.K. Page - Autumn - Rhyme scheme other than 6/9/10. There is no repetition. - This is a forced rhyme. There is also half-masculine rhyme. Forced rhyme is a half- rhyme. Lewis Turco - Western Wind: A Glose - This is an informal glosa, as there is a rhyme scheme. there are six lines per stanza, rhymed in couplets. And repetition. - Our half of the table looked at Love's Pavillion: %27s+Pavilion%22+-+P.K. +Page&hl=en&ei=ZBuCTuDCKKbb0QHep7R3&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum= 1&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false - We came up with the theme as being what physically happens after you die. - The other half of our table had the source poem about Death having no dominion Butchered to make a Dutchman's Holiday - Man awaiting execution: the concept of death, innocense, awaiting trial. A Glosa for Harry - Warning or an outside view of a man waiting to be executed. Look for an example of found poetry where the tone of the poem is different from the source. Haiku vs Senryu - Began in the 13th century in japan as the opening phrase of the renga. Became a form of its own in the late 1600s through Matsuo Basho's contributions. - Conscision, concrete imagery and natural content matter. - A haiku should not last for more than a breath. Sayimi Kamakura A two minute walk to the mailbox - though if I run spring must surely come. - 17 syllables or less. no particular rhyme scheme. Not always in lines of 5, 7, 5. describes experience or awe or transcendental insight. Emphasizes simplicity, intensity and directnedd of expression. It must contain a Kigo (word reference of a particular season of a year). - Most English haikus have a caesura in the middle. When the images are well-chosen, this pause allows for internal comparison. - In Japanese, the haiku appears on a single line. The syllables are counted differently, so to approximate the japanese sound, there should be no more than 17. There is variation because of this. Experimentation is inevitable. - Haikus are often confused with other forms of poetry. Senryu: - "I like to call senryu 'haiku with an attitude.' - coursepack - "Unlike haiku, which focuses primarily on the natural world, the senryu uses humor, satire to critique the human nature." - Became popular in the 1750's and can be traced back to a particular type of lined verse. - A common variation is 3-5-3. - Japanese has far fewer, which is why this is common. Knights - This is funny because girls often think of literal shining armor, and it's the character that makes a knight. - Pros: short, comical and free in form and expression. cons: offensive/inappropriate, commonly mistaken for haiku, underappreciated. - Each table receives two handouts, one displaying 6 poems, the other will be a place to put your 6 poems - You must identify them as either haiku, senryu or neither. - Write the number of the poem in the box and your reasoning why. - We divided it as 2, 3, 6 (haiku) and 1, 4, 5 (senryu) < we moved five only after we were hinted in that direction by Sarah (originally, we had 5 as neither). - Our group said 6 out loud. Further thoughts: - Why is it that so few people know of senryu whereas haiku is a very well-known form? One of the most popular poems in this format is “Haikus are easy / but sometimes they don't make sense / refrigerator.” Is it possible that this poem, which is a senryu, has confused readers? Incantation - The use of a formula of words spoken or chanted to produce a magical effect. - Repetition: common techniques include repetition of a final word or phrase. - Effect on the audience (mystifying/supernatural). - Context can be important, and this type of poetry is meant ot be performed orally, so there are limitations to what you can depict using the written word. Polanski's Macbeth - A lot of the couplets have 7 syllables instead of 8, which leaves a sense of incompletion. - The effect would have been different in Shakespeare's time because we don't believe in withcraft anymore. Sabrina's Shoes spell - It rhymes. - Went with animal themes again. - Less serious, less scary. - Made for kids where all they had to do is some up with something that rhymes, and they can be magic too Summary questions: - Two other affective forms of poetry: Blues = resilience and physical love; Elegy = mode, not a genre. seems to bring the audience along with; Fugue = repetition, brings you back and drives you through the poem. Ballad = the incremental repetition sometimes brings you back to emotions; Concrete poetry = slow train. essentially performance poetry. this got around the main problem with concrete poetry, which is that it does not show kinetic term. - Caesura = a formal pause in the middle of a line of poetry (this has been an element in a number of forms of poetry, such as couplets, ballads, haiku). It comes from Anglo-Saxon poetry. Lipogram - A composition from which a writer rejects all words that contain a letter or letters (most common is rejecting the letter e). - Gads
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