ENGL 228 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Red River Rebellion, Fort Carlton, Fort Battleford

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ENGL 228
Lecture 11 — March 8
E. Pauline Johnson/ Tekahionwake (1861-1913)
-Wrote and performed her poetry
“A Cry from an Indian Wife”
-First published in the Week, a Toronto based publication in the aftermath of the Northwest
Rebellion
Northwest Rebellion of 1885
-Red River Rebellion of 1869-1870
-The first Louis Riel rebellion that led to the creation of Manitoba. Ended successfully
-Louis Riel out-rooted the protestant settlers in Red River and the Canadian government to
successfully create the first bilingual provence in Canada = Manitoba
-Metis economy based on the bison collapsed in 1880
-There was a greater conflict between the Metis and the English Canadian landuse
-The North West Mounted Police was an existing police force to govern the area
-The railroad was almost completed by 1885 [The Canadian Civic Railroad] was used to
transport troops during the second Louis Riel e rebellion
-The natives and the Metis were supposed to turn to farming as the bison disappeared by
teaching from the Indian agents, although they were poor teachers and many people
starved
-Plains Cree (chief Big Bear) and Blackfoot (chief Crowfoot) formed a confederacy. Metis
brought back Louis Riel to lead the second rebellion
-In 1884, Riel made a petition outlining the demands of the Metis confederacy. This
diplomacy was taken by violence
-March 19, 1885 they occupied the Church in Saskatchewan, proclaimed the North-West as
a Metis nation
-Demanded the surrender of Fort Carlton
-Battle of Duck Lake, March 26
-The Metis moved to occupy Duck Lake and the two groups met on the Carlton trail. Began
by talking but then the police open fired, following by the Metis fire. 18 people died
-Riel persuaded the Metis to not pursue the police. The police withdrew to Prince Albert,
Saskatchewan. There the Cree killed a dozen white men and the remaining settlers fled to
Fort Battle-ford
-Riel was executed in Regina in 1885, and convicted of treason — controversial as French
Canadians didn’t support the execution
-Battle of Fish Creek, April
-Battle of Cut Knife Hill, May 2
-Battle of Batoche, May 12
“A Cry from an Indian Wife”
-Poem in heroic couplets — verses of iambic pentameter
-Form is associated with nobel poetry and drama associated with the 18th century. Already
bestirs the content and subject of the poem: high, grave and serious “a nations state is at
stake”
-Rhymes: AABBCC
Forms:
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Document Summary

Lecture 11 march 8: pauline johnson/ tekahionwake (1861-1913) First published in the week, a toronto based publication in the aftermath of the northwest. The rst louis riel rebellion that led to the creation of manitoba. Louis riel out-rooted the protestant settlers in red river and the canadian government to successfully create the rst bilingual provence in canada = manitoba. Metis economy based on the bison collapsed in 1880. There was a greater con ict between the metis and the english canadian landuse. The north west mounted police was an existing police force to govern the area. The railroad was almost completed by 1885 [the canadian civic railroad] was used to transport troops during the second louis riel e rebellion. The natives and the metis were supposed to turn to farming as the bison disappeared by teaching from the indian agents, although they were poor teachers and many people starved.

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