ENGL 228 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Frances Brooke, Sinclair Ross, Literary Realism

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16 Aug 2016
ENGL 228
Lecture 12 — March 15
**Read Sinclair Ross’ Book**
Novel: an extended work of fiction written in prose. Developed in 18th-century England.
-18th century Epistolary novel
-Early 19th century Historical romance
-Late 19th century Victorian realist novel
-Modernist novel
Picaresque, Cheval Retails from King Arthur (written in Prose), Love Stories from Ancient
Greece, Stories from the Hebrew Bible…
-Basically a product of 18-century England with rise of the middle class
-The novel found its milieux through the interest of the middle class readers
Literary Analysis Questions
1. What is the setting?
2. Who are the characters?
3. Whats the plot?
4. What are the major themes?
Canadian Literary Culture: these novels are called the first Canadian novels
-Due to the unstable literary print culture and literary tradition of Canada. Each generation felt
as though they were inventing Canadian Literature for the first time
The History of Emily Montague by Frances Brooke (1769)
-First Canadian novel in the sense that it was the first novel written and set in today’s Canada
-Brooke’s second novel — was published when she was 45 years old (middle aged married
woman with children)
-Wife of Anglican Minister John Brooke who was the Chaplin to the British Army in Quebec
-Lived in Quebec for 4 years (1763-1767) and she wrote a complete draft of the novel upon
her leaving Canada
-The History of Emily Montague was published in London — centre of the English book
-Frances Brooke was friends with Samuel Johnson — not a best seller, but it was a steady
success running through various editions, second edition in 1777…there were 4 English
editions in short succession. Testiment to the modern success of the novel and its quality
-Form: epistolary novel — a letter from one form to another
-There is no single narrator, consists of letters written by various character to each other.
Intresting feature: the book is dramatic with the various voices from difference characters
(the reader sees and knows more than the character knows). Creates effects of irony
-Novel of Manners: a realistic account of action and conversation that describes the
behaviours of a certain class (gives us the manners of the upper middle class)
-Brooke belonged to the upper middle class, and wrote for the upper middle class creating a
“window” looking in for outsiders
-Theme: love — love is the key to true and happy marriage, but questions what is love?
-Love: two things in friction — Love is attraction between young lovers (sympathy,
conversation, dancing, dining, exchanging loves) but also a dangerous interesting between
yourself and someone else
-Love is a thing for individual young people
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