ENGL 228 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Iambic Tetrameter, Perfect And Imperfect Rhymes, Sinclair Ross

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16 Aug 2016
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ENGL 228
Lecture 15 — April 5
Modernism
Sinclair Ross — Existentialism: Humanity persisting despite the instances of the universe
-Isolation of the individual (Mr. Bentley’s unhappiness)
-Exaltation of art (Despite the suffering and sadness (Ms. Bentley still plays the hardest piece
written for the piano, Phillip engages in difficult paintings) — engaging in the highest culture
of art
Pratt — Modernist Rupture: Evolution of traditional values (modern physics) — tearing of old
fabric, and modernization of previous ideas
Klein — Modernist Contrast: makes virtue out of a humble position, of perishing ingloriously.
Modernist contrast as seen in the dialogue between the modern era and the renaissance
A.J.M. Smith — Experimentation in Practise: Rather than Metrical rhymes, he gives short lines
“snap”, regular rhymes, explicit pronouns are eliminated, short verses, reducing things to their
images
-Modern Content “Nochtambule” — References WWI, modern content is the nematic prop
(giving the fake, cheap alternatives that suffice but are not the same; as seen with margarine
vs. butter)
-The contrast between what was happening, and what is happening now = Sleep Walking.
The conceit that modern life is a play, modern life is like a fellow fascinated about war
(modern life is fascinated about war WWI & WWII)
-The moon of the poem is not a real moon, it is like the real moon but is rather a piece of
scenery as it is a part of a play
-Various characters within the poem, are just characters within a play. There are various
characters (lion that speaks) — and the play ends badly with the mouse triumphing over
the lion
-If modern reality is saturated with substitutes, role of poetry is to show us that. The more
substitutes Smith shows, the more he helps us know what we need to know about modern
life
F. R. Scott
Imagery: any feature of a poem that appeals to one of the five physical senses (sound, taste,
touch, smell, sight)
-Appeals through imagination and memory, and the pictures vary between readers. Images
are different than the abstract elements of a poem, as an image is concret regardless that we
are imagining it
-Term ranges between narrow sense, to a broad category (as seen in Modernism) — all of the
symbols and illusions in poetry can be related back to imagery.
Imagism: Modernist poetic movement that flourished in 1912-1917, championed by Ezra Pound
-Instance of Modernist experiementation, belonging to the rebelliion against the romantic
rebellion against content and form. Relies on the content to make the reader feel the stripping
away of aesthetic elements. Tend to be short, no narrators or speakers that can interfere with
the form. A minimizing/ cutting away (getting rid of superfluous words — a good poem doesn’t
have superfluous words)
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