Lecture 6: Identity from Landscapes 1/29/13 8:33 AM
Reading: Knox et al, Chapter 5, entire chapter
Identity as a pretty changeable thing.
• Hierarchy of Identity
o Work Group
o Socio Economic Class
o Country ?? Depending on what country you are from
§ Ex. Afghanistan à nothing to hold together in terms of
• This order can change depending on who you are and where you
• What you are going to do in terms of behaviour and thoughts
depends on where you place your identity
“The assertion of a person’s identity is intended to give meaning to an
encounter with others.” –Ibrahim, 1998 (will see on exam)
Processes of Identity and Landscapes
1. Landscape as contested terrain.
2. Landscape as learning.
3. Landscape as language.
Process-Landscape as Contested Terrain
Landscape provides the raw material for ideas and images of territorial
places and identities
• Be they empires
• Or localities
And these landscapes have been culturally reproduces (encourages and
Raw materials: what the land has originally, the rocks, the ground, the
weather, etc… People inscribe identity to a landscape by moving around on it, becoming
attached to the land. This process takes a lot of time. Landscape becomes a
historical archive. The landscape tells a story. People interact with landscape
and produce a place. A place is something that people interact with and have
an attachment to. A space is just the ground.
The end product of these cultural processes are diverse, they are landscapes
• Honour and virtue
• Bountiful resources
• Future wealth
• Landscapes of distinction (purposefully different from other
Other nations and regions have different landscapes and, by implication,
different identities. It is the people/land interaction over time that create
Such landscapes have been used and abused for the purposes of power and
• For the conscious or unconscious construction of belonging and
o Balkan Wars
o Strong connection to homeland, and that place is under threat
• And for the production and formatting of citizens and their self-
understanding as a people
Different processes work to describe and re-describe landscapes in the
shaping of national and regional images and identities.
• The Netherlands and Windmills
Some landscapes are more highly valued than others for their role in identity
• How this ‘valuing’ occurs gives important clues to the understanding
of nations and regions.
• For example: Canada
o Wildness: unpolluted, deeply embedded
2. Process: Landscape as Learning
We learn (from: school, family, friends, folklore) how national landscapes
are determined by:
• Events, memories • Often connected to:
o Elite Presence
o Or to significant turning points in the memory of the nation
Some places are produced internationally by tourist in the sense that they
are known almost universally and serve as objects of pilgrimage.
Their careers as places h