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Lecture 24

GEOG 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: World Trade Organization


Department
Geography
Course Code
GEOG 210
Professor
Jon Unruh
Lecture
24

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Lecture24
● NationalintelligenceCouncil(US),3componentsoftheanalysis:(every5yearsor
soreleaseavisioningreportsummarizingtrends+likelydirections)
○ Megatrends
○ Gamechangers
○ Alternativeworlds
1) Megatrends
a) Individualempowerment
i) Potentiallylargedeclinesinextremepoverty
ii) Coulddropbyabout50%between2010and2030,accordingtosome
models
iii) Potentialforglobalrecession
iv) Improvedcommunicationtechnologies
v) Improvedlifeexpectancy,BUTriskofobesity(industrialized
diseases),riskofpandemic(spreadofdisease)
vi) Increaseofconflictedideologicallandscapes(religious,political,
nationalidentities)
b) Diffusionofpower
i) Lesspowerfrommilitarystrengthrootedinconcertsfromwithin
nationalborders
ii) Mutualdependenceontransnationalproductionandmarketing
iii) Orderimposedfrominternationalinstitutions(IMF,WTO,WorldBank,
EU,UNetc)
iv) GDP,populationsize,militaryspending,technology,health,
education,governance
v) Wherewillregionalpowerreside?Contendersare:China&India,
Russia,EU,Japan,NorthAmerica
vi) Formedin1975astheG6,Canadaaddedin1976andRussiain1998
c) Demographicshifts
i) Aging(lotofyoungpplvslotofoldpeople,populationspread
changes),hasaconnectiontoproductivity
Effects:
economicgrowthinperiphery,education
skillsforyouth+migrationtorichercountries(puttingfurtherstrainonaging
populations)
flowsofskilledlabourbecomemultinational
govt’smanagingmigration>>>>>>>managingmobility
technologytokeepupwiththemobilepopulation(eg.biometrics)
changingurbananddevelopmenttrends(eg.coworkingspace)
ii) Migration
iii) urbanization
d) Foodwaterenergynexus
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