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GEOG 216
Julia Freeman

Class October 3rd: The Nature of resources Definitions Environment: all external conditions, abiotic &biotic (nonliving &living), that affect an organism or group of organisms Resources: naturally occurring substances that humans regard as useful or necessary. Are obatained from the biological &physical environment. –are either absolute or constant. Depend on human perception, attitudes & behaviors, new technologies & prices Renewable resources: capable of self-replenishing or can be replenished by human action Non-renewable: once used are not replenished naturally or take hundreds to millions of years to replenish Exhaustible (non-renewable) consumed by use, fossil fuels (renewability depends on use, levels &human investment) animals, plants, minerals, air & water quantity (naturally renewable of use) solar energy, tidal & wind power, water resources 2 positions on economic growth 1. Not sustainable Assumes: • Near limits to non-renewable resources • Limited ability to make accurate, timely predictions of environmental impacts • No substitutes for critical capital • Skeptical view of human ability 2. Sustainable Assumes: • A free-market system with government intervention • A potential to restore many resources • A value change to less consumption & more recycling • A resolution to mineral exhaustion through price structure, product substitution, technological gains • A resolution of negative impacts by pollution controls & economic instruments (eg emission charges, carbon tax, congestion charge, tax on oil, tax on car batteries) • Fiscal incentives (Fiscal is used to describe something tha
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