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GEOG 216 (241)

The World of the City

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GEOG 216
Geraldine Akman

The World of the City - “Cities are rational landscapes for capital accumulation” – David Harvey - All of the factors of production necess = concentrated in cities Cycle of Production - Production - Entrepreneur purchases inputs, machinery, hires labor, production process - Circulation - As capital moves through various phases of production process (commodity) + market - Realization - Selling the commodity  capital is realizing its investment - Commodities are produced, value assigned to them in imaginary way  Profit not real until commodity is sold - (Social Reproduction) - Not a moment in circulation process H: also necess set of infrastruc for accumul of capital - Infrastruc necess so that workers can get up + go back to work next day  Reproduce themselves generationally, socially  Housing, edu, health care, recreation From Hayter and Patchell - Cities as agglomerations - Certain advantages for firms in same indus loc together (reduce transact costs) - Externalities that are produced that firms can capture in same location - Creative cities - Cities = places of creativity, innovation - Urban origins of capitalism, cities = islands in feudal landscape  In world that was relatively stable, cities = cosmopolitan, merchants travelled, encounter strangers, new things, ppl diff walks of life interact - Places where ppl ripped out of longstanding tradit routines, forces ppl to be create - Creativity has been harnessed by capitalism - Knowledge economy: agglomerations in cities based on R&D, imp to have creative ppl + have forums where they can bounce ideas off each other - Primate cities - City systems + structures of city systems w/in countries - Primate cities = 1 city overwhelmingly dominant in city systems (London, Paris)  Physically many times larger than next biggest city, econ power  Often the seat of power, where gov based - Typical case in third world  Place that was colonized, generally Eur powers found it useful to have 1 place to base their mili + econ power + dominate rest of territory (Mexico City) - Creative destruction - Cities are a structure (instits, infrastruc)  cycle - When structures don’t allow for more capital accumulation, get destroyed - Cities have s/places that are stable, others always changing Chicago School of Urban Sociology: Zonal model Hierarchy of density and land values - 1) Central Business District: commerce + industry 2) Zoneoftransition:lowrent,waitingforCBDtoexpand 3) Neighborhoods: settled working class 4) Residential: middle cla
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