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Lecture

Geographies of Global Change

2 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
GEOG 216
Professor
Geraldine Akman

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Geographies of Global Change Geographic perspectives - Econ geography = why of the econ where - Uneven development  Q: why are s/places rich, s/places poor  How did econ power in world change over time? - Industrial location  Why do partic kinds of indus occur in partic places?  Ex: How do we explain Silicon Valley? Internationalization vs. globalization - Internationalization: extent to which diff nat econs interact w/1 another through exchange of g/s - Indicators: trade/production figures - Focus on “extension” of econ activities across nat boundaries - Quantitative approach to gl/integration - Globalization (economic): involves more than simply increased internat trade - Relatively recent phenomena has to do w/econ - Set of processes through which econ activities are increasingly interconnected  Functional integration of production activities (MNCs)  Ex: branch plants  Emergence of new set of actors on gl/stage (instits, trade agreements) - Quantitative + qualitative changes that facilitate gl/integration The debate: competing explanations - Hyperglobalizers - New world econ order: ‘borderless econ’ - Nat states are not significant actors - E/thing becoming homogenous - Skeptics - Econ glz = overblown, myth/mislabelling of internationalization - Period (1870 – 1930) had more trade + investment flows - Flow of g/s not new, plays down qualitative changes - Transformationalists - Glz = ongoing + transformative - New geographies being created - Econ relationships = stretched + intensified Is economic globalization new? - (pre 1500) China + India trade w/SE Asia, EEur, Islamic world, Mediterr - (1500 – 1800) commodity integration grew slowly (little over 1%/annum) - Mainly spices, silk, silver, slaves (sugar + cotton) - (1720 – 1780) internat trade doubles in value (beg’g of industrializ) - (1780 – 1840) internat trade increases threefold - (1848) unified worl
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