Class Notes (839,394)
Canada (511,324)
Geography (806)
GEOG 309 (11)

geo january 30th.odt

2 Pages

Course Code
GEOG 309
Geraldine Akman

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Canada's Human Face Demography: the statistical study of human populations including, density, growth, migration and socio-economic characteristics. Population size (absolute #s) – 34.5 million (original size 3.4 million) – natural increase, territorial expansion and immigration – p.130 annual population estimates 2001-2009 – population increases at around 300 000 per year Population density (Total population/land area) – relatively low population density of 3.5/km2 – This is because most of Canada lies outside of agricultural territory Population distribution (within geographic area) – extremely uneven – major concentration along southern border with the USA – Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver – 80% of population is urban – from 1901 to 2006, population has increased from 37% to 80% urban Canada's population zones and highway system – 60% of population lives between Windsor and Quebec City – 39% of population lives in southern Canadian regions (from coast to coast) – moving northward, you have 1% of the population – followed by less than 1% in the more inhospitable areas Canada's National core – Quebec city, Ottawa, Montreal, Toronto, Three-Rivers, London, Windsor Population Change: Births, deaths and migration Population Increase: natural increase + net migration over a given period Population growth: increase is expressed as a rate (% change over time) Rate of Natural Increase: is crude birth rate – crude death rate (CBR-CDR) – Crude Birth Rate: the number of live births per 1,000 people in a given year – Crude Death Rate: the number of deaths per 1,000 people in a given year Net Migration: in-migration minus out-migration In-migration for attractive features (Employment opportunities and security) Out-migration to better job opportunities or a more temperate climate (USA) Components of population growth (2010/2011) – Births: 386,013 – Deaths: 252,561 – Immigration: 258,906 – Emigration: 52,456 Baby Boom Effect – Great Depression and WWII – because of depression, people were not having kids and immigration was put on hold because there were no jobs
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