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GEOG 309 (11)

economic changes February 6th .odt

3 Pages

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GEOG 309
Geraldine Akman

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Economic New Permanent Residents (2010) – Not Canadian citizens but they are authorized to live and work within Canada – They can lose that status if they engage in criminal activity or security issues Economic Class: 186,913 (66.5%) – 2/3 of people coming to Canada are here to support the Canadian economy – Including dependents (Wife and Children, Immediate Families) – Skilled workers (63.85%) – Business Immigrants (7.11%) – Canadian Experience Class (2.09%) – Live-in Caregivers (7.44%) – Provincial and Territorial Nominees (19.48%) – Point System – Education – Knowledge of official languages – age (prefer young) – Pre-arranged employment – adaptability to labour market – Work experience – No criminal record – medical exam required Family Class: 60,220 (21.5%) – Spouse, Partners, dependent Children, parents and grandparents – Grandchildren, orphaned Siblings, nieces or nephews of the sponsor – No point system for family class (Good character, good health) Protected Persons: 24,696 (8.8%) – Government assisted and privately sponsored refugees, landed in Canada, dependents abroad – They have to go through a criminal and health check before they are allowed to enter – No point system Other: 8,845 (3.2%) – Humanitarian and Compassionate Grounds/public policy – A person has been here for some years but because they have a criminal record or economic problems where then a minister can intervene – Permit holders – people who have work permits Category not Stated: 7 Total: 280,681 (100%) Highest number in 50 years, it was simply to get rid of some of the back log and allow people to immigrate Over the last ten years, around 2/3 of applicants were male, today it is around 40/60 and they are working to get it to 50/50 Types of economic structures – Primary: economic activities concerned with primary resources (fish, timber, minerals) – secondary: manufacturing of the above resources – Tertiary: Lawyers, doctors, teachers, food industry – Quaternary: research in universities, high end research Trends – confederation: agrarian population – Secondary sector grows in core – Resource extraction grows in periphery – Post-WWII shift to service orie
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