5 Apr 2012

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British Columbia
Physiographic regions
Mainly the Cordillera but does encompass a small section of the interior plains
Physical attributes
Spectacular and diverse set of landscapes (mountains, plateaus valleys)
types of landscapes
coastal fjords
coastal rain forests
desert like in the interior
alpine tundra at high elevations
There are ten different mountain ranges, the most important being the coastal and rocky mountains
The Interior plateau is relatively dry due to Orographic Precipitation (Coastal mountains)
Little crop land in this region, Majority is found in the interior plains region
Railways were key to attracting BC into Canada, they allowed trade to get through the mountains and not
have to be shipped through the Pacific. Coal, lumber and grain went by rail from the interior of BC and
Prairies to the port of Vancouver towards Asian market.
Pacific and Cordillera climatic zones
generally mildest winter climate in Canada
Freezing temperatures tend to be uncommon
moderate temperatures, high rainfall, mild, wet and cloudy winters
Precipitation is around 2,000mm/annum for the coast and less than 400mm/annum in the plateau
A lot of micro climates in this region
Provide for tourism, recreation and mining
Offshore continental shelf and islands provides for a productive fishery
climatic zones set the stage for productive forestry
most valuable timber stands (size, type and density)
2% of land is arable
3.7% of Canadian farms located in BC (mainly fruit)
Pacific Ocean affects the climate, resource base and transportation system
Vancouver's sheltered ice free harbour is a gateway to the pacific nations and western Europe
Unfinished land claims
BC is home to 198 first nations
there are overlapping land claims of band equals 110% of the province
settlements rarely exceed 10% of claim
1944 around 70% of the aboriginal population started negotiations for land claims
Treaty 8 (1899) Klondike Gold rush
Douglas and Vancouver island treaties
Fats growing population (Immigration and inter-provincially)
1990's major migration from Honk Kong
Increased BC's economic status and political power
Asian immigrants brought skills, capitals and asian business connections
Economic performance tends to fluctuate with China and the pacific rim countries and with
falling commodity prices
Industrial structure
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