01.18. 2016 Hispanic Civilizations 2 Lecture 4 Notes Image Located in New World and depicts a white woman with an African, and their offspring 1780, located in Mexico Representation of which class and race intersect, as the interracial relationship brings someone of a lower race higher she lifts him to a higher social standing. Casta painting new genre of paintings, for Spain to understand the racial mixings in the New World Always painted in a series of 16 always a mother, father and child to represent a different kind of social standing and category, racial demarcation which were all recorded legally and determines what kind of rights they had. This is a cultural artifact to understand history. Fictionalization of race in Latin America is important due to only the 16 kinds of possibilities of race in America social construct The Albino Albino cannot be passed down, and cannot be produced by racial mixing It was often a guessing game, and very fictionalized. These things were only based on the imaginary of what may be possible, not actually logic. In the paintings, you see a progression of race, including the Albino. Many of the names to explain different possibilities come from street jargon, and not actually scientific terms. You can only distinguish one possibility from another, by comparing it to someone else. The fact that they are in a series of 16 is important because there is a sequential order in understanding race. Over 100 of these Casta painting sets were produced often commissioned by the King of Spain. The artists were primarily Latin American, not Spanish. The paintings show social standing, class, occupation, responsibilities according to race. Race and Ethnicity in Latin America Important distinguish between United States and Latin America To be Argentino was not only about race, but more specifically about the location and your nationality Proximity to whiteness is linked to higher social standing, and still major differentiations. By the end of 17 century, we see the Creole nationality and is fundamental to independence movements. Case Study: Brazil In the South of Brazil, large Spanish influence.