Class Notes (836,414)
Canada (509,777)
History (1,443)
HIST 200 (2)
Lecture 2

HIST 200 Lecture 2 The Idea of Africa 2- Continents and Geography.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

HIST 200
Rachel Sandwell

The Idea of Africa 2: Continents and Geographies  What is a continent? o Single landmass defined by tectonic plates, with multiple countries o A continent is a large dry land comprehending many countries all joined together, without any separation by water - thus Europe, Asia, Africa, one continent, and all Americas together - definition in 1700s  So how does Africa get divided off? o Political/cultural/social decision - debated by geographers and political figures - Historical roots o The same is true for Asia - the border between Europe and Asia is entirely arbitrary (this is argued over)  What does it matter if continents are just a "myth"? o Might divide people along lines that don't make sense to the people actually living there o Creates a generalization/assumptions that might do violence or mask complexity ex. North America is this…  Assumption of unity - diversity reduced to sameness  Solidifies the idea of separation o Remember that social conventions are real  Geographies o Great diversity within the continent - African continent has so much climate diversity because its centered around equator, and covers a lot along North/South lines that creates diversity - there is no one "African Environment" o Climate and geography do not determine destiny/history - but they shape and influence people's lives o Zone: Dessert - Sahara  Huge, vast from West to East across continent  Huge obstacle - hard to settle  Massive trade - major commodity was salt  Significant effect on human life - human settlement along rivers/oasis which are located near the edge  Agriculture is hard ex. sand fences to stop the fast expansion of the Sahara  Camels have been used for over 2000 years to do long distance trade across the dessert  Shaping and limiting trade and communication  First genocide by colonial powers o Zone: Savannah  Where most people live - more grass, more animals, and people - more rain  Forestation increases as you go farther from dessert and equator - more rain  You can domesticate animals and do agriculture here o Zone: Equatorial Forest - near equator  Dense tropical rain forest - lots of rain  Lots of trees inhibits agriculture due to lack of light  Disease can spread fast through damp climates - ex. little cuts can get infe
More Less

Related notes for HIST 200

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.