HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Child Benefit, National Energy Program, Unemployment Benefits

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Trudeau Years
Background
Personal
-French Canadian
-Had dabbled with right wing clericalism and socialism in the past
-Educated at Harvard and London
Program
-Entered office in 1968 with first majority in a decade
-Program of just society
-Based on equality
-Individual rights too
-Known federalist, favoring a strong central government
-Little time for collective rights, which hampered First Nations dealings
Just Society
More Details
-Multiculturalism is one major aspect of just society
-Other examples include
-Omnibus Bill
-National Energy
-Inclusive and fair society, which helped him win as a relatively unknown quantity
-Faced a YUGE amount of hypeoriginal Trudeaumania
Criminal Code Revisions
-Had begun in 1967, continuing through 1968 and 1969
-Two of the most significant were abortion and homosexuality
-Liberals moved forward to declare these personal, private issues
-Decriminalization of both separated morality from criminal law
-Trudeau was personally against abortion
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-Society was strongly divided
-1969 Omnibus Bill included all of these revisions and more
Language
-Introduced the Official Languages Act, October 17 1968
-English and French established as official languages in all branches of federal civil service,
courts, and crown corporations
-Also, in all bilingual areas where linguistic minority was over 10% of population, federal courts
were bilingual
-Extended civil service language training (began in 1964) aiming for bilingualism
-Appointed a language commissioner
Economic Inequality
-Trudeau’s vision
-Economic equality linked to national unity
-Began with development in Eastern Quebec and the Maritimes
-Maritimes had declined for years
-Economic development had excluded them
-Established a Department of Regional Economic Expansion (Dree) headed by Jean Marchand
-Dree stimulated growth in other areas of slow growth too
-Regional Development Incentive Act provided funds for firms in designated areas
Difficulties With Regional Development
-Not easy to measure the effects on national unity
-Led to complaints from provinces
-Felt that they were not properly consulted
-Complained that funds weren’t being evenly distributed
-Despite strong investments there weren’t many returns
Post 1972 Elections
-DREE funds became politicized
-20% of budget to the West, 30% to Quebec by 1978
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-Program spread thin
-Disbanded in 1982
-Despite $7 billion from DREE, billions more in equalizationno real improvements to regional
disparities
Social Security
-Unemployment insurance, which was hotly debated
-Introduced initially in 1941
-In 1971, there was a massive expansion of the program
-To cover maternity, sickness, and retirement benefits for workers
-Increased benefits to all
-In some cases for a longer time period
Family Allowance and Universality
-Trudeau introduced the idea of doing away with universality in the name of equity
-Introduced the Family Income Support Program in the early 1970s
-Meant to help poorer families, not everybody
-Plan failed
-1.2 million families would have lost benefits
-Got them a minority government in 1972
-Constitutional battles regarding jurisdiction for family allowances especially with
Quebec
-Turns out universality was still popular
Jurisdiction
-Quebec demanded transfer of the family allowance control in 1967
-Because of economic nationalism
-But mostly due to the fact that each month mothers got a check from the federal
government
-Made Canadians identify more with the federal government
-Quebec and others believed that provincial control would connect them more to
the provinces
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Document Summary

Had dabbled with right wing clericalism and socialism in the past. Entered office in 1968 with first majority in a decade. Little time for collective rights, which hampered first nations dealings. Multiculturalism is one major aspect of just society. Inclusive and fair society, which helped him win as a relatively unknown quantity. Had begun in 1967, continuing through 1968 and 1969. Two of the most significant were abortion and homosexuality. Liberals moved forward to declare these personal, private issues. Decriminalization of both separated morality from criminal law. 1969 omnibus bill included all of these revisions and more. Introduced the official languages act, october 17 1968. English and french established as official languages in all branches of federal civil service, courts, and crown corporations. Also, in all bilingual areas where linguistic minority was over 10% of population, federal courts were bilingual. Extended civil service language training (began in 1964) aiming for bilingualism. Began with development in eastern quebec and the maritimes.

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