HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Quebec Liberal Party, Maurice Duplessis, Richard Riot

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24 Apr 2013
Department
Course
Professor
HIST 203 Lecture 4-2 4/2/2013 10:07:00 AM
Essay
Notes: Produce handwritten, computer notes for sources along with
paper. Demonstrate reaching final paper
Historiography: Read other accounts of same event. Situate my
account based on previous papers
Quiet Revolution (1960-1980)
Election of 1960, Quebec taking a different path. Jean Lesage and
Liberals elected, marking the beginning of the Quiet Revolution.
Marks a period of vast transformation in Quebec, where in the eyes
of Francophone Quebec society was decolonized
Definition
o Quiet Revolution describes the relatively non-violent, rapid
political, institutional, social, and cultural changes that
occurred in Quebec during the 1960s and 1970s
o An attempt to reverse the process of decolonization of the
majority of Quebec’s population.
Maurice Duplessis
o Member of Quebec Legislative Assembly from Trois Rivieres.
o Leader of Union Nationale
o Quebec Premier 1936-1939, 1944-1959
o Refuses federal grants to universities (1951), viciously anti-
union, against welfare state, pro-big business, intensely
catholic, autocratic.
Protecting provincial jurisdiction by refusing education
grants, seen as keeping Quebecers uneducated
Worked with unions to support his agenda, cracks down
on unions pushing their members agenda further than
he sought proper
Autocratic cracked down on opponents such as
minority religious groups or others, able to do so by
being provincial attorney general simultaneously
o Richard Riot
Cause of the riot was due to the attendance of Clarence
Campbell NHL Commissioner, having just suspended
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Rocket Richard due to an illegal hit. Riots broke out
after the game. Richard symbolized the Quebec people
Jean Lesage (1912-1980)
o Quebec lawyer
o Leads Quebec Liberal Party from 1958
o Premier 1960-1966
o 1960 campaign slogan << c’est le temps que ça change >>
(It is time for a change)
First month announced new program nearly every day,
eager ministers to put actions into place. Most dramatic
was the expansion of hydro-Quebec. Expanded majority
on election, nationalize electricity in province
René Lévesque (1922-1987)
o Journalist, War correspondent WWII, Radio-Canada
o Found Parti Québécois
o Premier of Quebec 1976-1985
Would establish his office in Hydro-Quebec building in
Montreal
Quiet Revolution Reforms under Lesage
o Hydro Quebec (1963)
o Caisse de dépot et placement (1965) Money management
for economic development
o Ministry of Education (1964)
Quiet Revolution Reforms under Union Nationale (1966-68)
o CEGEP system
o University of Quebec system
Revitalization of the Federal Government in Quebec
o Lester B. Pearson elected (1963)
o The “Three Wise Men” come to Ottawa: Jean Marchand,
Gérard Pelletier, Pierre Trudeau Came to improve the
status of francophones within confederation
o Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism
o Trudeau becomes PM (1968)
o Official Languages Act (1969)
Front de Libération du Québec
o Racialization of language issue “speak white”
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Document Summary

Notes: produce handwritten, computer notes for sources along with paper. Historiography: read other accounts of same event. Election of 1960, quebec taking a different path. Liberals elected, marking the beginning of the quiet revolution. Marks a period of vast transformation in quebec, where in the eyes of francophone quebec society was decolonized. Definition: quiet revolution describes the relatively non-violent, rapid political, institutional, social, and cultural changes that occurred in quebec during the 1960s and 1970s, an attempt to reverse the process of decolonization of the majority of quebec"s population. Maurice duplessis: member of quebec legislative assembly from trois rivieres, leader of union nationale, quebec premier 1936-1939, 1944-1959, refuses federal grants to universities (1951), viciously anti- union, against welfare state, pro-big business, intensely catholic, autocratic. Protecting provincial jurisdiction by refusing education grants, seen as keeping quebecers uneducated. Worked with unions to support his agenda, cracks down on unions pushing their members agenda further than he sought proper.

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