HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Joey Smallwood, Old Age Security, Rand Formula

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24 Apr 2013
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HIST 203 Lecture 3-21 3/21/2013 10:15:00 AM
Post-War Nation Building cont.
Rise of the Left
o 1943 CCF riding high in the polls elected official
opposition in Ontario
o Tommy Douglas becomes premier of Saskatchewan (1944-
1961) Other provinces had moved to the left as well
o Family Allowance Act (Baby Bonus 1945) Federal
government gave all mothers a monthly check to “give al
children an equal chance”, would cost 250 million dollars and
more government involvement to raise funds
o Veteran’s Charter (1942-1946) land and loans paid for
veterans to get retrained in civilian life after service, many
went to university
o National Housing Act (1945) guaranteed loans for veterans
to buy houses, “Canadian G.I. Bill”, would cost 750 million
dollars
o PC 1003 Rand Formula (1946) legitimized the right to
unionize during the war and continued during peacetime,
made strikes more peaceful with less of a standoff. Would be
normalized after WWII. Governments pushed women out of
the workplace
o Old Age Security (1951)
Welfare State
o Saskatchewan CCF government introduced $5 per year
universal health care (!947)
o Hospital Insurance and Diagnostic Services Act (1957)
provided 50% federal funding for provinces created
universal hospital insurance plans.
Newfoundland becomes 10th province (1949)
o Joey Smallwood (1900-1991)
o Premier of Newfoundland 1949-1972
o Responsible government, confederation or government by
commission? options for Newfies for potential government
choices. Voted in favor of joining Canada as opposed to
Britains.
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Cold War and the Canadian Way of Life
Canada should be a Cold War ally with the United States would
intensify on military, economic, and cultural level. Shared a strong
commitment to internationalism, stable world order, economic
restructuring and security essential to new order. Both disliked
potential threat from Soviet Union
Communism in Canada
o Igor Gouzenzo
o Allegations went public Feb. 1946
o 39 suspects 18 convicted
o Fred Rose (Labour Progressive M.P.) - convicted
o War Measures Act
Multilateralism
o North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) 1949
o “An armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or
North American considered an attack against them all.” NATO
charter US way of containment, could contain spread of
communism in Europe and their own foreign policy. Canada
hoped NATO would offer multilateralism, safety in numbers
and not US dominated
New Military Agreements
o 1) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) 1949
o 2) Radar 3 lines US military bases in Newfoundland
o 3) North American Air Defense Agreement 1957 came
from US and Canadian air forces
Economic Integration
o Marshall Plan (The US European Recovery Program 1948)
o Statement of Principles of Economic Cooperation (1951)
brought US capital and technology to Canada, allowed US to
spend on natural resources used for the military
o Off-Setting US power
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Nov. 1947)
A Elite Anglo-Nationalist Response
o Royal Commission on National Developments in the Arts,
Letters, and Sciences (the Massey Commission) 1951
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Document Summary

Bill , would cost 750 million dollars: pc 1003 rand formula (1946) legitimized the right to unionize during the war and continued during peacetime, made strikes more peaceful with less of a standoff. Governments pushed women out of the workplace: old age security (1951) Welfare state: saskatchewan ccf government introduced per year universal health care (!947, hospital insurance and diagnostic services act (1957) Provided 50% federal funding for provinces created universal hospital insurance plans. Options for newfies for potential government choices. Voted in favor of joining canada as opposed to. Cold war and the canadian way of life. Canada should be a cold war ally with the united states would intensify on military, economic, and cultural level. Shared a strong commitment to internationalism, stable world order, economic restructuring and security essential to new order. Communism in canada: igor gouzenzo, allegations went public feb. 1946, 39 suspects 18 convicted, fred rose (labour progressive m. p. )

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