HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Child Labor Laws In The United States, Montreal Star, Cost Accounting

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8 Jun 2018
Department
Course
Lecture 4 May 4th
Residential Schools continued…
Manitoba School Question
The Manitoba Act (1870) established a dual system of Protestant and Roman
Catholic schools
o Was a literal application of section 93 of the region
Anglo-Protestant settlement would decrease the demographic weight of Roman
Catholics and French speakers
March 1890: Thomas Greenway abolished public funding of Catholic schools
o Provincial liberal government
o Stripped the right to establish their own schools
Wilfrid Laurier (1841-1919)
Chosen leader of the Liberal Party in 1887
Prime Minister of Canada (1896-1911)
1st francophone PM (born in Saint-Line, Canada East)
Sunny ways
Known for
o 1. Policies of conciliation
o 2. Expanding Confederation
o 3. Defending individual liberty
o 4. Comprising between French and English populations
Once elected he considered a compromise for Manitoba
The Laurier-Greenway Compromise (1896)
Federal government issued remedial order but would choose to negotiate rather
than enforce it
Amendment to the Schools Act did not restore separate school
French would be retained only when sufficient population warranted it
o French lost the status of equality in the province
The North-West Schools Question
North-West Territories Act (1875)
Failed to achieve separate schools in the new provinces of Saskatchewan and
Alberta (1905)
o Federal government was getting pressure from the Catholic church
Ontario School Question Regulation 17
o 1911 restricted French as a language of instruction to the two first years
of elementary school
Bilingual schools in Ontario were only recognized in 1927
o First major school issue to focus on language rather than religion
By 1892, schools were turned into public schools
Quote: national identity, political concept Marcel Martel
o French Canada becomes a political concept formulated during the school
crisis
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Conflicts Within Quebec
Turn-of-the-century leaders of provincial autonomy were caught between two
forces
o 1. Interests of a conservative Catholicism with roots deep in the small-town
bourgeoisie and peasantry
o 2. Demands of growing industrial capitalism
Populating the West Canada Entering the 20th Century
Study Questions
(ow does the early immigration policy help us understand politicians’ vision of
Canada and its future?
How did immigration policy change over time?
What are the major differences between the growth of Montreal and the rest of
Canada?
As historians, what sources can we use to discover the intimacies of peoples’ lives –
and what are the limits of these sources?
Populating the West
The National Policies of the 1870s and 1880s included:
o 1. Transcontinental railway
o 2. Territorial police force
o 3. Cheap homestead system
o 4. Protective tariff
o 5. Political structure which permitted little local control
MacDonald was unable to open the West Laurier and Sifton completed this role
instead
Consolidating Confederation
My object is to consolidate Confederation, and to bring our people, long estranged
from each other, gradually to become a nation. This is the supreme issue. Everything
else is subordinate to that idea – Laurier (1904)
Provincial federal divisions and the conflicts related to provincial rights
Who is part of this grand vision of Canada?
The last spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway 1885
o Primary source image
o In the same month Louis Riel was executed
o Canada would become geographically united by the railroad
The telephone also helped expand communication
o Brought new immigrants out west
Dominion Lands Act of 1872
o Granting free homestead land based on quarter sections patchwork quilt
landscape and offered ownership of  acres of free land to
Settlers (men) 21+ years
$10 registration fee
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Document Summary

Manitoba school question: the manitoba act (1870) established a dual system of protestant and roman. Catholic schools: was a literal application of section 93 of the region, anglo-protestant settlement would decrease the demographic weight of roman. Catholics and french speakers: march 1890: thomas greenway abolished public funding of catholic schools, provincial liberal government, stripped the right to establish their own schools. Wilfrid laurier (1841-1919: chosen leader of the liberal party in 1887, prime minister of canada (1896-1911, 1st francophone pm (born in saint-line, canada east, known for (cid:498)sunny ways(cid:499, 1. Comprising between french and english populations: once elected he considered a compromise for manitoba. The north-west schools question: north-west territories act (1875, failed to achieve separate schools in the new provinces of saskatchewan and. Conflicts within quebec: turn-of-the-century leaders of provincial autonomy were caught between two forces, 1. Interests of a conservative catholicism with roots deep in the small-town bourgeoisie and peasantry: 2.

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