1867 january 23rd 2012.odt

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5 Apr 2012
Industrialization and Urbanization
Montreal jumped from 219,616 residents in 1891 to 490,504 residents in 1911
Industrial Revolution
The rapid process of economic change through the application of mechanical processes to
traditional forms of manufacture
A shift from human and animal power to mechanical power (hydraulic, steam, gas, and electric)
Speeds up work. Greater investment necessary
Transformation of social relations around work
A restructuring of spacial organizations of cities
Rise of low skill jobs which contrary to previous methods, would no take ten years to master
The new relationship around work would be constructed around the wage, they would get a small
amount of training and their wage
Children would not be trained for a job, but were seen as cheap labor
In the 19th century, most people worked down the hill, in the old city
The people who owned the factories moved up the hill into the golden square mile
Industrial establishments became larger and larger forcing people to set up their factories in
cheaper areas (Result being that the working people moved towards the factory where they
Montreal was the first place that industrialized in the 1840's, along the side of the canal.
This was done because new Hydroelectric technology was being developed along the Canal,
creating power, capable of powering the factory.
Quebec city and St-john's New Brunswick were also quite industrialized due to their large ship
building industries.
They would decline with the development of steam engine ships
Grand Trunk Shops, where they made the entire railway, from locomotives to the tracks.
Industrial expansion in canada began quite slowly
There was a slow down due to the global depression in 1873.
John A. MacDonald created a lot of small industries with tariff protection
Many of the first industries were locally owned and financed.
Sleeman's Brewery 1870's
founded in 1847 by John Sleeman
brewery established in Guelph
attractive place to establish a brewery because of agriculture
good for malt
lots of water
Hotels were interested in the product
When the Grand Trunk railway arrived, it was even better for the Brewery
George Sleeman, John's son, would take on many technological problems
he would transform the brewery to run on steam, making more consistent brewing and
producing more beer
1870's cooling devices were added to the process
the major leap which would put Sleeman in line with the Molson's, was a change to electrical
power (1890)
Never gained a national market and in 1908, large breweries began buying smaller breweries
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