HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: North West Company, Jay Treaty, Iroquois

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14 Apr 2016
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01/14--The Indigenous Nations and Initiating Canada’s Colonial Age
all of n. amer is indg land
since time immemorial
● terms
the indigenous nations of turtle island
indigenous treaties
the formation of canadian history
indigenous--non-indigenous relations
native/aboriginal/indigenous groups (larger groups)
■ nations
first nations (status/non status), métis/metis, inuit
“indians”=historical construction, doesn’t actually refer to any real ppl
rethinking “north america”
indg nations r v diverse, both in past and 2day
in terms of lang, culture, econs, poli systs
indigenous peoples in canadian history
writing indg ppls out of hist
all hist is filtered/biased based on who is telling the hist
indg ppls hav been portrayed as passive, having no real hist, no
contribution to development of canadian society, were headed towards
extinction
indg ppls/communities largely dehumanized
four general damaging effects
denial of self-determination
indg ppls can’t self govern, make own decisions, obvi untru based
on hist
broken treaties
belief that treaties btwn indg ppls/settlers are invalid/non-binding
■ wardship
indg ppl are wards of state, can’t make decisions for themselves
“on our terms”
development of indg communities must take place on the terms of
the dominant canadian society
defining colonialism
what is colonialism?--basically cultural genocide
attempted domination/unequal relationship in which dominant can society has
attempted to disconnect indg ppls from their ***land, hist, identity, rights
all comes back to the land
■ examples
imaginary borders created to define canadian land
■ effects
■ reasons
the original indigenous treaties
treaties were important way for indg nations 2 negotiate/maintain relationships
long b4 arrival of settlers
recorded on wampum belt
treaties were sacred, not living up 2 treaty could hav dire consequences
the founding of the original five nations (haudenosaunee confederacy)
seneca, cayuga, onondaga, oneida, mohawk
hiawatha belt
dish with one spoon
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Document Summary

01/14--the indigenous nations and initiating canada"s colonial age. All of n. amer is indg land. Indians =historical construction, doesn"t actually refer to any real ppl. Indg nations r v diverse, both in past and 2day. In terms of lang, culture, econs, poli systs. All hist is filtered/biased based on who is telling the hist. Indg ppls hav been portrayed as passive, having no real hist, no contribution to development of canadian society, were headed towards extinction. Indg ppls can"t self govern, make own decisions, obvi untru based on hist. Belief that treaties btwn indg ppls/settlers are invalid/non-binding. Indg ppl are wards of state, can"t make decisions for themselves. Development of indg communities must take place on the terms of the dominant canadian society. Attempted domination/unequal relationship in which dominant can society has attempted to disconnect indg ppls from their ***land, hist, identity, rights. Imaginary borders created to define canadian land.

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