HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Living Wage, Joseph Howe, Lachine Canal

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14 Apr 2016
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01/19--Confederation
realizing confederation
the political shift of the victorian period
idea of representation b/comes more popular
growing middle class demands more equal dist of power
want elective representation (still only men tho) not appted officials
○ liberalism
political doctrine
advocating freedom of individual
parliamentary syst of govt
nonviolent modification of poli/social/econ insts
○ nationalism
idea of nationalism adjusted specifically to can
linguistic/relig/etc connections
indg ppls already had this idea of nationalism/nationhood, from @ least
1400s/1500s
nationalism actually created conflict tho
challenges to realising confederation
french canadians resisted romantic idea of larger BNA identity
the various interpretations of confederation
businessmen saw confederation as good for business
US civil war made confederation seem more urgent
the early years
early challenges
need to pacify those that don’t want confed
need to fulfill promise to expand west
canada pop was dispersed, railroad would help 2 better connect
the demographics of canada in 1867
was a very diverse pop
region and diversity
indigenous peoples in the west
indg ppls still numerous in west, in control of land (in practice)
metis in red river and the pacific northwest
50,000 indg ppls in mainland BC
only 19,000 non-indg in van island and mainland
eastern canada and black loyalists
chinese communities in the west
many men, coming from CA goldfields
some women
fewer than 2,000, but played big role in BC hist
french population not erased by confed, was present in all of can, even
pacific NW
british immigrants had also migrated to the eastern coast
by 1867, brit majority in all provs besides QC
the industrial age and family life
the industrial revolution's impact on canada
at this point, majority of can pop was born in canada
canadians moving to US for industrial employment opps
canada was still rural place @ this time
new transportation/production methods were quickly adopted in BNA
created stronger sense of nationalism
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Document Summary

The political shift of the victorian period. Growing middle class demands more equal dist of power. Want elective representation (still only men tho) not appted officials. Idea of nationalism adjusted specifically to can. Indg ppls already had this idea of nationalism/nationhood, from @ least. French canadians resisted romantic idea of larger bna identity. Businessmen saw confederation as good for business. Us civil war made confederation seem more urgent. Need to pacify those that don"t want confed. Need to fulfill promise to expand west. Canada pop was dispersed, railroad would help 2 better connect. Indg ppls still numerous in west, in control of land (in practice) Metis in red river and the pacific northwest. Only 19,000 non-indg in van island and mainland. Fewer than 2,000, but played big role in bc hist. French population not erased by confed, was present in all of can, even pacific nw. British immigrants had also migrated to the eastern coast.

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