HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Working Class Culture, Joe Beef, Moral Hazard

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14 Apr 2016
Department
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02/02--Industrialization and Urbanization
Canada on the move at the turn of the century
○ immigration
many ppl moving to US
canada wants to reform immigration to stop pop drain
created immigration offices
on paper, only criminals denied immigration
in reality, anyone poor, w mental disabilities, etc, must post bond--
excluded in practice
immigration act (1869)
immigration policies
shift in policy to b/come much more openly restrictive
don’t just want to fill country, want to build a “canadian nationality”
victorian perspective
push and pull factors
poster propaganda handed out in eur/US--promise of “free” land (stolen
from indg ppls)
starting to see shift in can pop
maj no longer traces origin to brit/france
policies of exclusion
○ discrimination
chinese performed most dangerous RR labour
non-white immigrants most heavily discriminated against
whites complained that immigrants were threat to jobs
chinese head tax (1885)
$50 tax on immigrants coming from china
chinese and japanese exclusion
lived in segregated communities
(can still had segregation policies thru late 1900’s)
east indian and black-american exclusion
had to take continuous passage from india--no such route available
can ppl/govt wanted to ban black americans from immigrating, but didn’t
want to alienate US/blacks already in CAN
instead, can immigration officials go to US, discourage immigration
border officials do everything to prevent immigration
can’s “opportunity” comes at cost of treaties, equality--wants 2 b as white as
possible
people moving from rural to urban areas
canada at the turn of the century
tho canada was v unequal, econ/pop growth was way up
huge rail growth--which triggered econ growth
banks/businesses in mtl/tor control a lot of activity
“the national policy”
3 cornerstone policies
protective tariff
transcontinental RR
sponsored immigration
the argument in support and against the policy
policy was actually p ad-hoc, not as unified as it looks now
policy encouraged dev in central can to detriment of maritimes
tensions btwn regions
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Document Summary

Canada on the move at the turn of the century. Canada wants to reform immigration to stop pop drain. In reality, anyone poor, w mental disabilities, etc, must post bond-- excluded in practice. Shift in policy to b/come much more openly restrictive. Don"t just want to fill country, want to build a canadian nationality . Poster propaganda handed out in eur/us--promise of free land (stolen from indg ppls) Starting to see shift in can pop. Maj no longer traces origin to brit/france. Whites complained that immigrants were threat to jobs. tax on immigrants coming from china. (can still had segregation policies thru late 1900"s) Had to take continuous passage from india--no such route available. Can ppl/govt wanted to ban black americans from immigrating, but didn"t want to alienate us/blacks already in can. Instead, can immigration officials go to us, discourage immigration. Border officials do everything to prevent immigration.

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