HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Tupperware, Redlining, Family Values

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14 Apr 2016
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03/08--Redefining Liberalism in Postwar Canada 1947-1975
Postwar liberal consensus
The era of liberal consensus
The welfare state
Argument for planning during peacetime in order to prevent further
depressions etc.
State intervention became essence of liberalism--as long as state stayed
out of econ
pensions, education, farm subsidies, medical insurance, social assistance
Newfoundland’s entry into confederation
Demands of cold war encouraged NFD/greater can to come together
NFD is in key geographic area
NFD looks to social safety net as measure of econ security--draw to join
Representative politics? Women in power
Women v underrepresented in parli
Only 5 during 50’s
Designing the welfare state
Very socialist/communist third parties popping up, linked to unions
Conservative forces urge caution
Creating medicine
Early on, coverage lower (especially outside cities), covered only
essentials
Royal commission health services (1964)
Est by stephen baker
Called for universal medicare
Pension plan implemented in all provs except QC (had its own plan)
Women and the welfare state
Women actually penalized
Earned less, unemployment insurance was discriminatory (didn’t cover
maternity leave/mothers)
The baby boom and the 1950s
End of war/depression, increased birth rate, increased immigration all were
causes
11.5 million to 18.5 million, 60% increase
Three major impacts on canadian society
Immigration boom
155,000 ppl/yr
Driven by success of econ
Policy makers still worried abt cultural character of CAN--immigration
policy still race based/discriminatory
Seen as abnormal not to hav children
Return of family values
Increased conformity
Church attendance increases
Shift away from gender equality that had seemed to be on the rise in
WWII
Gender roles reinforced
Economic boom
Initiated by population growth and labour compromise
Unions turn away from confrontational tactics
Higher wages/econ security lead to labour peace
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Document Summary

Argument for planning during peacetime in order to prevent further depressions etc. State intervention became essence of liberalism--as long as state stayed out of econ. Pensions, education, farm subsidies, medical insurance, social assistance. Demands of cold war encouraged nfd/greater can to come together. Nfd looks to social safety net as measure of econ security--draw to join. Very socialist/communist third parties popping up, linked to unions. Early on, coverage lower (especially outside cities), covered only essentials. Pension plan implemented in all provs except qc (had its own plan) Earned less, unemployment insurance was discriminatory (didn"t cover. The baby boom and the 1950s maternity leave/mothers) End of war/depression, increased birth rate, increased immigration all were causes. 11. 5 million to 18. 5 million, 60% increase. Policy makers still worried abt cultural character of can--immigration policy still race based/discriminatory. Seen as abnormal not to hav children. Shift away from gender equality that had seemed to be on the rise in.

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