HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Land Run, Pemmican War, Pemmican

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14 Apr 2016
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01/26--Appropriating Indigenous Territories and Canada’s Imperial Empire in the West
new worlds new identities: the metis
establishment of metis communities
developing a sense of identity and nationhood
new economic umbrella
the metis at red river
the formation of the metis collective: 1812-1855
the pemmican war
lord selkirk and the HBC
HBC (brit/prot) and NWC (french/cath) rivalry
pemmican ban of 1814
battle of seven oaks
conflict btwn HBC/anishinaabe and NWC/metis
anishinaabe sign treaty that affects cree land w/out cree consent
imperial and indigenous spheres coming into contact and creating
complex conflicts
metis artists combined eur/indg clothing designs--works b/came v fashionable/in demand
metis can have french/cath or eng/prot ancestry
michif is unique metis lang
colonial encounters: metis and canada
metis fight for recognition
the “idea” of the west
b4 confed, west seen as useless wasteland
canadian politicians want 2 make new territories english/prot so as to
stifle QC power--expansion becomes a poli issue
imperial interests of can drive new interest in west
establishing “white” colonies
colonies had 2 hav enough non-indg settlers to ensure non-indg
dominance
colonies in principle were thus, white
challenging the canadian myth of peaceful western expansion
imperial expansion is encroaching on indg land that was never ceded, ignoring
indg borders, histories
the onslaught of colonial administration
○ annexation
settlement and increasing tensions
land rush
louis riel enters the picture
the first fact to face encounter
the 1869-1870 resistance
turning colonial control back
the armed resistance
metis triumph and provisional government
“canada first”
colonialist ideas of racial superiority over indg ppls/metis
manitoba act
colony created, actually met most of metis demands--namely that metis
were granted land title for themselves/children
issue is that land was given form of scrip to extinguish land rights in
practice
was fear that US would back riel and then annex manitoba
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Document Summary

01/26--appropriating indigenous territories and canada"s imperial empire in the west. Developing a sense of identity and nationhood. The formation of the metis collective: 1812-1855. Anishinaabe sign treaty that affects cree land w/out cree consent. Imperial and indigenous spheres coming into contact and creating complex conflicts. Metis artists combined eur/indg clothing designs--works b/came v fashionable/in demand. Metis can have french/cath or eng/prot ancestry. B4 confed, west seen as useless wasteland. Canadian politicians want 2 make new territories english/prot so as to stifle qc power--expansion becomes a poli issue. Imperial interests of can drive new interest in west. Colonies had 2 hav enough non-indg settlers to ensure non-indg dominance. Challenging the canadian myth of peaceful western expansion. Imperial expansion is encroaching on indg land that was never ceded, ignoring indg borders, histories. Colonialist ideas of racial superiority over indg ppls/metis. Colony created, actually met most of metis demands--namely that metis were granted land title for themselves/children.

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