HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Social Change, Backtracking, The Fruit Machine

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14 Apr 2016
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03/15--Canada in the Cold War
Canada in the Cold War
After WWII, can has higher world standing
Middle power--significant considering size of country
Greater infrastructure projects
Canada enters the cold war
Shift in foreign policy and internationalism
Turn away from isolationism towards internationalism
Way to avoid getting americanized w/out protection of GB
Strong emphasis on civil service
United nations
Key poli element of post war internationalism
International monetary fund and the world bank
Econ arm of internationalism
Working against protectionism/trade barriers
Cold War Complications
The gouzenko affair
Discovery that there were soviet spy rings in countries like canada
Diplomatic earthquake--16 charged in can, 10 convicted
Upward spiral of the communist “threat”
Above affair
USSR possession of nuclear weapons
○ NATO
Creation confirmed by rising soviet “threat”
Basically serves as a UN w/out the USSR
The red scare in canada
Kind of a second red scare
The communist “witch hunts”
Lost of junior mccarthys
Participating was way to advance poli career
○ Investigations
RCMP worked w FBI/along to preemptively attack perceived threats
The attack on lesbians and gay men
LGBT ppl linked to communist threat
The “fruit machine”
RCMP-developed (w/ canadian unis) device intended to measure
biological responses to homoerotic pornography
RCMP amassed 9,000 files on suspected canadians, 3,000 federal
employees
Investigative technique to root out ppl from public service
Topic has only very recently been brought to public attn
“Character weakness” as a security threat
Origins of the homophobic campaign
Linking communist spys to LGBT ppl
Cabinet directive on security #4 (CD. #4)
Those seeking higher positions had full background check done
Communism and “character weakness”
Background checks looking for various weaknesses, including poli/moral
flaws
But majority of issues were moral (only 27/213 were poli)
Being LGBT was considered a moral flaw
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Document Summary

After wwii, can has higher world standing. Way to avoid getting americanized w/out protection of gb. Key poli element of post war internationalism. International monetary fund and the world bank. Discovery that there were soviet spy rings in countries like canada. Diplomatic earthquake--16 charged in can, 10 convicted. Basically serves as a un w/out the ussr. Participating was way to advance poli career. Rcmp worked w fbi/along to preemptively attack perceived threats. The attack on lesbians and gay men. Rcmp-developed (w/ canadian unis) device intended to measure biological responses to homoerotic pornography. Rcmp amassed 9,000 files on suspected canadians, 3,000 federal employees. Investigative technique to root out ppl from public service. Topic has only very recently been brought to public attn. Those seeking higher positions had full background check done. Background checks looking for various weaknesses, including poli/moral flaws. But majority of issues were moral (only 27/213 were poli) Being lgbt was considered a moral flaw.

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