HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: October Crisis, Quebec Sovereignty Movement, Pierre Laporte

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14 Apr 2016
Department
Course
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03/29--The Quiet Revolution
Rising nationalism in quebec
Confrontation btwn QC city/ottawa over QC’s increasing liberalism
Maurice duplessis (quebec premier, 1936-1939 and 1944-1959)
Pulls out of wartime tax, sets up QC’s own tax commission
MD is himself conservative/church-oriented
Quebec’s political climate in the postwar
Move away from relig culminating in 1960s
MD seen as being too close w american big business
The conservative duplessis era
Pierre trudeau and cite libre
Journal, struggled w aligning QC nationalism w left wing struggle
Jean lesage election (1960)
The quiet revolution
Social and political revolution post-1960
Desire of QC to run own social programs--govt allows
QC wants own intl relations
Lesage and increased expansion of the quebec government’s control
International relations and the quiet revolution
Fear of cultural influence from US, anglo can
Relations btwn QC/france skyrocket
Rise of neo-nationalism
International decolonization and “quebec colonization”
QC nationalists reimaging QC as a colony, draw on rhet/examples of third
world 2 portray itself as progressive force
● Bilingualism
Royal commission on bilingualism and biculturalism (1963-1969)
Official languages acts (1969)
○ Resistance
Concept of biculturalism is sus bc of massive erasure of indg ppls, exclusion of
new migrants
The evolution of the catholic church in the quiet revolution
Transition from church to state as symbol of QC nationalism
Nationalist orgs publicly cut ties w church
Influence and power of the catholic church
Responding to the quiet revolution
Three immediate consequences of church moderation
Hurt conservative rejection of new society, made project of
conservative/anti-modern nationalists basically impossible
Allowed caths to sppt some quiet rev projects
New concern for social justice among QC caths
The october crisis (FLQ)
James cross (british trade comish in mtl) and pierre laporte (qc minister of
labour/immigration)
Captured by FLQ/similar group
Demanded freeing of FLQ prisoners, workers rev
16 october 1970, war measures act
Govt banned FLQ, suspended civ rights
Little role in apprehension of revolutionaries, but likely precipitated murder
of laporte
Murder turned many against FLQ
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Document Summary

Confrontation btwn qc city/ottawa over qc"s increasing liberalism. Maurice duplessis (quebec premier, 1936-1939 and 1944-1959) Pulls out of wartime tax, sets up qc"s own tax commission. Move away from relig culminating in 1960s. Md seen as being too close w american big business. Journal, struggled w aligning qc nationalism w left wing struggle. Desire of qc to run own social programs--govt allows. Lesage and increased expansion of the quebec government"s control. Fear of cultural influence from us, anglo can. Qc nationalists reimaging qc as a colony, draw on rhet/examples of third world 2 portray itself as progressive force. Royal commission on bilingualism and biculturalism (1963-1969) Concept of biculturalism is sus bc of massive erasure of indg ppls, exclusion of new migrants. The evolution of the catholic church in the quiet revolution. Transition from church to state as symbol of qc nationalism. Nationalist orgs publicly cut ties w church. Influence and power of the catholic church.

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