HIST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Canada Day, Multiculturalism In Canada, Quebec Nationalism

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14 Apr 2016
Department
Course
Professor
04/05--Canadian Society and Culture
Origins of multiculturalism
Response to anti-racial and cultural discrimination movement
Two related changes that occurred
Race neutral immigration policy
New approach to identity expression--public insts now supposed to
accommodate rather than assimilate new identities
Canadian multiculturalism policy (1971)
Became multiculturalism act in 1988
The four original goals of multiculturalism policy
Assist cultural groups in contributing to canada
Assist groups in overcoming cultural barriers
Encourage cultural exchange
Assist immigrants in acquiring at least 1 of eng/french
How multiculturalism operates
Sppt for cultural education/groups
Govt depts supposed to consider multiculturalism in developing initiatives
In reality, initiatives often don’t hav resources/don’t always implement as
planned--complex issue
The origins of multiculturalism
The origins in context
Began in 1960’s
“White ethnics” call to action
Originally, multiculturalism focused on europeans
Groups were well integrated economically-politically, so could call for
action
Felt threatened by french-english duality
Quebec nationalism
Reforms undertaken to give QC greater autonomy
Duality of english and french canada
Royal commission on bilingualism created blowback from groups outside
the duality
Multiculturalism reconsidered
transformation/introduction of neoliberalism
US connection
In practice, US also has multiculturalism
negative functions of multiculturalism
Mobilizing two ideological shifts
“Nation of immigrants” idea allows ignorance/absolving of systematic
discrimination
Binary of nativist vs non-native--those who can historically tie themselves
to a place vs new immigrants
A nation of immigrants in multiculturalism
A nation of immigrants by JFK (1964)
The shift toward denial
Liberal myth that can/US are welcoming to immigrants, when they hav
historically used them to their econ/poli advantage
Neo-liberalism belonging in canada
Economic changes and the new policy
Seeing the end of econ prosperity
Improvements in communication technology
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Document Summary

Response to anti-racial and cultural discrimination movement. New approach to identity expression--public insts now supposed to accommodate rather than assimilate new identities. The four original goals of multiculturalism policy. Assist cultural groups in contributing to canada. Assist immigrants in acquiring at least 1 of eng/french. Govt depts supposed to consider multiculturalism in developing initiatives. In reality, initiatives often don"t hav resources/don"t always implement as planned--complex issue. Groups were well integrated economically-politically, so could call for action. Reforms undertaken to give qc greater autonomy. Royal commission on bilingualism created blowback from groups outside. Nation of immigrants idea allows ignorance/absolving of systematic discrimination. Binary of nativist vs non-native--those who can historically tie themselves to a place vs new immigrants. A nation of immigrants by jfk (1964) Liberal myth that can/us are welcoming to immigrants, when they hav historically used them to their econ/poli advantage. By taking on multiculturalism policy, canada has greater access to pool of.

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