Term given by johann gustav droysen (1808-1884) Last third greek period (after archaic and classical: hellenistic art: portray of emotions, less sober. More studied now: classical art: reflection, more sober. Less suffering art, death more reflection: archaic art: archaic smile . Alexander iii of the macedon "the great" Mosaic of alexander: in southern of italy, found in the roman house. As soon as philips is dead, so the greek want to reclaim freedom. He moves very quickly and showed up in thebes. Used as an example of the consequence of rebel. Xenophon is fighting in one of the war, gets killed. Darius iii just step up on the throne for about a year/two. He kept a copy of the iliad under his bed for readings. Personally leads his army against alexander at the battle of. Alexander advances more into the persian empire. Oracle of amun-ra (ammon) at siwa like zeus. Alexander was offered peace by darius refused.