HIST 205 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Bar Kokhba Revolt, Roman Citizenship, Antonine Wall

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23 Jul 2016
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Week 11: 2015/11/13
#1) Nerva (96-98 CE):
oAdopting Trajan...
#2) Trajan(98-117 CE):
oMilitary emperor.
oGreatest extent of Roman Emperor.
oApex of the Antonine Dynasty.
oA lot of military experience.
Massive Conquest of Dacia (101-106 CE):
oModern day Romania.
oEntirely conquered. Province of Dacia.
oGold revenue. Significant income of Rome.
Extension of frontier of Roman army.
Trajan's Column  Provides visual image of the events of the Rome-Dacian
conquest
Victory centered through various monuments.
Brought enormous prestige to Trajan.
Also, conquers Arabia.
Builds a Forum(Trajan's Forum, biggest forum)
oPart of Gigantic building program.
Implements  Alimenta
oA program.
oProvided food, money, education for poor Italian children)
oSeen on coins...
oAimed at improving economic quality of Rome?
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Pliny the Eldest ( the one who died in the volcanic eruption)
Pliny the Younger complain to Trajan about Christians (Governor of
Provincia Bithynia et Pontus)
Roman Empire policy on this: the riots that occurs are not sponsored by
State.
oThere are blamings of Christians for everything...
oE.g. Goat was missing, a Christian did that…
Trajan had been from Spain (Roman province): Puts in perspective of the
broadening citizenship.
Parthian War (113-117 CE)
oTwo new provinces created in Armenia and Mesopotamia.
Destroying most Parthian states...
But, he was faced with a Jewish revolt, so he had to divide some of troops
and send them there to calm revolt.
Second Jewish War(The Diaspora Revolt) (115-117 CE)
oMany Jews were killed in Egypt. They were said to be almost wiped
out...
oResolved the Jewish war…
Trajan died before he could resolve Parthian war.
oLeaving behind an extension empire.
oSaid to be the best Roman emperor…
oDied in 117 CE
'Felicior Augusto, melior Traiano' :
o‘More fortunate than Augustus and better than Trajan’  A saying
that was told to others.
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