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Lecture

HIST 215 Lecture Notes - Jacquard Loom, Samuel Crompton, Edmund Cartwright

4 pages73 viewsWinter 2013

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 215
Professor
Sarah Waurechen

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Lecture: The Industrial Revolution
Transformations
structure of the economy: agricultural to industrial
landscape: rural to urban
social: farming to industrial worker
technological: hand to machinery
energy: organic to mineral
materials: expanding palette, organic to mineral, wood to iron
Geography and Timing
Britain was clear leader
1760-1850
per capita income, industrial development, technology
Belgium (1820), Switzerland (1830)
France (1850)
US (1840), Germany (1860)
Laggards: Italy, Netherlands
Questions
why it occurred
why it happened where/when it did
the role of religion, politics, law, science, and trade
how transformative was it
Leading Sectors: Textiles
first sector: British cotton textiles
no cotton industry before 1700, world leading by 1800
import substitutions, world trade
imports banned 1721
Process and linkages
processes
carding
spinning
weaving
finishing
geography
India
Egypt
US
World
Inventions and technology
James Hargreaves
spinning jenny 1760
Richard Arkwright
water frame 1769
Samuel Crompton
spinning mule 1774
Edmund Cartwright
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