Class Notes (839,578)
Canada (511,407)
History (1,443)
HIST 215 (144)
Lecture

Lecture-The Holocaust.docx

6 Pages
96 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 215
Professor
Sarah Waurechen

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Description
Lecture: The Holocaust The Vernacular • Holocaust ◦ Ancient Greek word meaning "consumed by fire" or burnt offering" • Shoah ◦ "The Calamity" ◦ Jewish • Porajmos ◦ "The Devouring" ◦ Roma and Sinti Peoples • Genocide ◦ controversial term The Foundations of Holocaust Study • 1944-1945 Liberation and Discovery ◦ shocked most by the scope of the crimes • Post-War Trials ◦ "crimes against humanity" term invented ◦ Nuremberg '36-37 • Period of Silence ◦ people didn't discuss the Hol. openly much ◦ perpetrators couldn't do so ◦ victims unwilling to revisit • 1961 The Trial of Adolf Eichmann ◦ war criminal captured ◦ trial in Israel ◦ scholars attending the trial took note and addressed his inhumanity ◦ Holocaust studies as a field took off Anti-Semitism Before 1933 • European Anti-Semitism ◦ not a new phenomenon ◦ especially in Eastern Europe ◦ pogroms • Scientific Racism/social Darwinism ◦ Arthur de Gobineau wrote book saying humanity divided not by language, but by race ◦ Wilhelm Maar said Nordic race in life-death struggle against Jews ▪ used "Scientific Racism" called antisemitism ◦ Houston Stewart Chamberlain claimed modern Aryan race needed to combat foreign racial influences, advocating pan-Germanism • Anti-Semitism in Weimar Germany ◦ stab-in-the-back theory ▪ Ger. betrayed and sabotaged by Judeo-Bolshevism to lose the war ◦ Hitler and Nazy ideology ▪ Mein Kampf ▪ Jewish Bolshevism ▪ Lebensraum ▪ communism conspiracy to thwart natural superiority of Aryan race Judenpolitik and Persecution in the Nazi State • The People's Community ◦ Racial purity ◦ action against people who would pollute it • The Concentration Camp system ◦ Dachau is first camp in 1933 ▪ not just Jewish inmates ▪ where Nazis dumped their rivals and enemies ▪ "corrective" camps ◦ Arbeit Macht Frei ▪ work will set you free • Legal Exclusion and Discrimination ◦ the Nuremberg Laws 1935 ▪ inter-marriage with Jews forbidden, as well as other restrictive anti-Jew laws ◦ Citizenship Law 1935 ▪ stripped Jews of their rights as German citizens (hold office, vote) • Kristallnacht - The Night of Broken Glass ◦ Nov. 9-10, 1938 ◦ riot ◦ synagoges burnt and destroyed ◦ Jewish men rounded up for humiliation ◦ police and fire brigade under orders not to help/interfere The Early War Years 39-40 • Emigration, deportation and ghettoization ◦ emigration ▪ SS. St. Louis ▪ passenger ship left Germany crammed with refugees ▪ turned away from every port in N. America and sent back to Germany ▪ "encouraged" to leave (forced out) ◦ deportation ▪ the Madagascar Plan ▪ transfer all Jews in Ger. terr. to a colony, dump them there ▪ Br. navy blocked this plan ◦ ghettoization and consolidation ▪ marshall them in Eastern territories, accelerated after 1939 ▪ largest in Warsaw ▪ mass malnutrition and starvation ▪ forced to wear yellow star of David • Extraordinary Pacification ◦ Einsatzgruppen ▪ special units followed combat troops with orders to murder all Polish intelligentsia and communists ▪ Jewish men commonly also rounded up and killed by these squads The T4 Program 39-40 • Eugenics movement ◦ good breeding and sterilization to the threats to the German body • life unworthy of life ◦ euthanasia of disabled • killing centres ◦ first Nazi usage of the gas chamber ◦ carbon monoxide gas ◦ mass euthanasia test • dress reh
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit