HIST 215- Lecture 3- Absolutism (Gardening Society)
- Flirting takes place in gardens, and this was very important. Political power as
gardening society, the idea of culture and civilization and the idea that you can
- Society of gardeners
Garden of Stowe (as in Jane Austen novel) English garden (garden is scattered and
Vaux le Vicômte (in a Molière theater piece)- French garden (geometrically organized)
- The choice and order is not random at all
- In the French way, order is immediately visible. The way you walk in the garden,
there is a narrative how the people would walk in a specific manner and would
get subliminal messages. They were supposed to see the power of the king and
read a certain number of myths/ legends that would tell them about the king. The
Fountain of Apollo (Greek god of sun and the arts). Louis XIV (The Sun King).
The gardens would have connections between the too (Versailles)
- In the English way the order is subtle. For example at Stowe, there were two
possible paths, one is easier, and this path is marked by the Temple of Modern
Virtues, while the more complex path is marked by the Temple of Ancient Virtues
(Hercules making the choice between the easy and difficult path of virtue).
Introduction: What is Absolutism?
I. The quest for order
- The right bestowed to the king by God. God plays an important role here and this
is the system that deals with the absence of God. A system that tries to centralize
power and administration.
- Europe had a quest for order: Royal authority is challenged; this is why a quest
for order was necessary.
A. 16th c. The challenge to Royal Authority
-Nobility’s challenge: First one amongst equals. They were essential in governing
- Because there was no centralized army, they were essential for waging warfare
- The Nobility considers the army that defends the realm and the kingdom and
when the kings/ queens approach their privileges, they have the right to revolt
because they believed that they were worthy of great privileges
-Religious activism: In the 1500’s, challenging the royalty, worsened because it
became more acute. Nobles joined in on these revolts (the Reformation in France)
because it was a way of them to challenge royal authority.
- Religious wars are both religious and political. This became very complicated
because rulers had different confessions, choosing one religion over the other.