HIST 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Janissaries

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2015-01-07
HIST 215- Lecture 1- Military Revolutions
INTRODUCTION
- The EU doesn’t necessarily mean Europe. Tries to avoid being the feel of the
certain number of violent experiences (genocides, 2 world wars). It tries to be a
continent of unity and diversity, and acceptance of difference and at the same time
seen as an organic state. 28 countries are participating with many different
histories to it self.
- No geographic definition of Europe. It is a philosophical and historical project
(diversity and interconnection with the rest of the world). Unity with the
Americans, Ottomans, African, Asian, Europe has the need to create an
identification of being European through boundaries (different layers of
identification)
- 1500s- 1600s myth of Titian, The Rape of Europa (1559- 1562).
- Europe derived through migration, facts that were brought from somewhere else.
Military Revolution
- Massacres and poor lives of 17th century peasants (excerpts from Simplicius
reading)
- Diego Velazquez Royal court painter of globalization. Ex: The Surrender of
Brenda (1634- 1635). Painted this 10 years after it happened because the Spanish
weren’t doing well
- Rembrandt (van Rijn) The Shooting Company of Frans Banning Cocq. Painting
ordered to be shown in public (4x4 in size). Municipal Hall of Amsterdam.
Showed how important it is for a militia to defend the city of Amsterdam
I. Before the Wars Changed the Continent
A. Europe: A politically fragmented world (1500)
- Important qualities that exist
- Catholic monarchy (dominates because of colonization)
- 1648: thousands of political entities compared to the current 50
- 30 year War, lots of political entities disappeared because the war drained their
economy
- A World of Composite Monarchies
Not unified, composed of very different entities only united by the fact
that have a king, but in terms of culture and political institutions they are
very different
North (Sweden and Denmark), West (England, France and Spain), East
(Russia, Polish/ Lithuanian, Ottoman Empire), Central Europe
(indeterminate mass of political entities)
- Factionalism of Holy Roman Empire
Elected emperor (usually a Habsburg), very distinguished and had
different cultural frames
- Dynastic rivalries (Habsburgs vs. Capetian Bourbons)
Leaders in France
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