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HIST 221 (142)
Lecture

01-21-2014.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 221
Professor
Shanon Fitzpatrick
Semester
Fall

Description
Nagel: Moral Luck ­ conflict between practice and theory o our intuitions and moral practices conflict, reveals genuine paradox o even if we try to refine practices, problem doesn’t seem to go away o conflict between intuition and practices, not just theories and practice ­ what is intuition? o He thinks we intuitively believe people should not be help responsible for  what is due to factors beyond their control (condition of control)  That means there are a lot of things we should not be held  responsible for  Condition on our holding people responsible  Also why determinism is a threat to moral practices, takes things  out of our control  Eg. We are not in control of what we do when it is controlled by  involuntary movement (trip on a rock, knock hiking partner off a  cliff)  These actions are excused from moral judgement o Nagel shows that range of action beyond our control is much greater than  we realize  Problem is we do not generally excuse wider range of things from  moral judgement, he will show they are beyond individual’s  control  Calls judgement moral luck  • We often do treat people as objects of moral judgements  even where what they do depends on factors out of their  control o Depends on luck as well as aspect of being treated  as object of moral judgment • Nagel believes everything we do seems to involve factors  beyond our control • Problem is: what scope is left for moral judgment?  Eg. Drive
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