Small states created in treaty of berlin furthered nationalist interested in balkans. How does conflict between nationalism and imperialism lead to world war i. Historically much larger than fyro macedonia, in 1900 all still in ottoman empire. Serbia, bulgaria, greece all want macedonia, all sppt national societies in macedonia that advocate for their respective national interests. Many macedonians want macedonian independence (regional principle, not national one) Some wanted macedonian independence, some wanted union with bulgaria. Believe that terrorism will provoke uprising/great power intervention on the behalf of macedonia. But gps did not intervene and republic quashed. Included slavs, vlachs, and orthodox, excluded turks, muslims. Similar attempts failed in poland and generally failed all over europe. Est secret society committee of union and progress comprised of both relig and nationalist opponents to sultan. Mutiny of ott army stationed in macedonia. In response to gps stationing their own troops in macedonia after 1903 to protect own natls.