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HIST 231 (2)

10-03 lecture

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McGill University
HIST 231
Dr.Jane Francis

10-03 ← Announcements: • Research paper due this Friday during class ← ← Administrative rooms • Only exist in Knossos • Only example of throne room (termed by Evans) • Lustral basins: helps to understand that something important like a ceremony took place • Knossos was maybe the large, richest, most powerful site • East rooms: “Queen’s Rooms” o Living spaces? o Evans: feminine dolphin motif more feminine, so assumed that a woman lived there ← Domestic spaces? • Knossos: “King’s Chamber”/ Hall of the Double Axes o Double axe motif (perceived by Evans to be very masculine) ← Names stuck to better understand what room they were talking about. Can’t really say gender-wise what was really going on. ← ← Large-Scale Storage • Knossos, Phaistos, and Malia • Large storage containers, hold food storage of the island Knossos. Are they using it all there? Or are they using it as a redistribution system? At Knossos, basic level storage rooms. Phaistos: central hall. Malia: channels that lead to a sunken vat. ← Theatral Areas (looking at something) • Knossos: o Two shallow low stairs o Top of west court area o Several venues where people can sit and watch, wait their turn • Phaistos o Top of west court area o Several venues where people can sit and watch, wait their turn • Malia o Central court o No exterior theatral area o Shallow, broad stairs Industrial Areas • Knossos: o Lapidary workshop (Basalt from Egypt) o Pottery kiln • Phaistos: o Oil/wine press • Pretty self-sufficient. Presumably they had workers/slaves employed by the palace to make stone objects or pottery. Unknown of relationship btwn workers and people hiring them (salary, conditions, etc.) ← Drainage Systems • Knossos o Took the water and waste away o U-Shaped terracotta o U-shaped stone cut drained channel o Ppl are living a very nice lifestyle ← Light Wells • Knossos o If rooms used are central court or outside then you can open window to outside. If this wasn’t the case, then create light wells providing fresh air and sunshine into the interior rooms which had no available access to that. ← Pier-and-Door Partitions • Very characteristic Minoan tradition • They carve an L-shaped or T-shaped stone which creates a socket. If you wanted to have a lot of light and air to come through or more space, you just fold the doors. • Spacially flexible type of architecture. This is a particularly Minoan architecture development. ← Wall Paintings • Walls were very richly decorated. Moved away from plastering their wall to somewhat complex, highly decorated figural scenes. Some of there are difficult to identify and tell what the scene is. Colours are very vibrant (green, yellow, red, black, white and blue) • Seems to be self-representation of the Minoans. • Knossos: Bull leaping Fresco o Dressed as Minoans o Don’t know if its 3 s
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