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HIST 231 (2)
Lecture

Dark Ages

3 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIST 231
Professor
Dr.Jane Francis

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10-17 Dark Ages ← Announcements: • Archaeology lecture @ Thomson House. Lecture given by Dr. Jacques Parot. • 9-800 BC, Argolis ← ← 8 century BC (700s) • Religious architecture was very rudimentary. In the Dark Ages, cultified example of what religion is at this time. Culture agreed on deity to worship and the establishment of worship. • Greeks believed that Gods need appropriate venues. Coming out of the dark ages, we see a resurgence of populationdisease, environmental change, warfare, mortality is low). Throughout the dark ages, population and culture gets back on their feet. People feel like they can move away from the higher up places and go down near the water. Part of this growth is from architecture. • Most of the religious rituals occurred in open air. Doesn’t seem to be a call for any huts. Presence of an altar, considered religious space. • Offerings – small pots, offerings of figurines, “vote of offerings” o Some religious activity occurring • Designate space as a religious sanctuary – giving human beings a religious focus. Give deity some place to live. Permanent representation of religious piety. No building was made entirely of stone. Afraid of what would happen if built of stone and maybe would have fallen down. Represent consistently the form of temples in the next phase that are made of non-perishable materials • Terracotta shrine model (fr. Argos) o Late 8 cent. BC o Geometric pattern on the roof – 1 example of Geometric period o Mimicking construction techniques of large-scale buildings ← ← Dreros (Crete): Late 8 cent. BC (725-700 BC) • Pitched roof and interior had two columns in the center. Between the two columns was a hearth. Along the south wall is a long altar. It is of two slightly different levels. • Bronze cult statues? – Fr. Dreros (ca. 700 BC) o Found on the levels:  Among the earliest cult statues. Their identity is not known. Think it might represent Apollo in the center and his sister and mother on each side.  Culture is getting back on its feet. Have to reestablish trade routes for tin. Construction of bronze. • Other material used for sculptures is terracotta. Most common representations are depiction of animals. Might derive from Bronze age zoomorphic pottery. Many of these figurines are found at sites that later become important Greek sanctuaries. These probably represent the early phases of wo
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