HIST 231 Lecture Notes - Amphora, Zoomorphism, Bronze Age

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7 Nov 2011
10-17 Dark Ages
Archaeology lecture @ Thomson House. Lecture given by Dr. Jacques Parot.
9-800 BC, Argolis
8th century BC (700s)
Religious architecture was very rudimentary. In the Dark Ages, cultified example of
what religion is at this time. Culture agreed on deity to worship and the establishment
of worship.
Greeks believed that Gods need appropriate venues. Coming out of the dark ages, we
see a resurgence of population ( disease, environmental change, warfare, mortality
is low). Throughout the dark ages, population and culture gets back on their feet.
People feel like they can move away from the higher up places and go down near the
water. Part of this growth is from architecture.
Most of the religious rituals occurred in open air. Doesn’t seem to be a call for any
huts. Presence of an altar, considered religious space.
Offerings – small pots, offerings of figurines, “vote of offerings”
oSome religious activity occurring
Designate space as a religious sanctuary – giving human beings a religious focus.
Give deity some place to live. Permanent representation of religious piety. No
building was made entirely of stone. Afraid of what would happen if built of stone
and maybe would have fallen down. Represent consistently the form of temples in the
next phase that are made of non-perishable materials
Terracotta shrine model (fr. Argos)
oLate 8th cent. BC
oGeometric pattern on the roof – 1st example of Geometric period
oMimicking construction techniques of large-scale buildings
Dreros (Crete): Late 8th cent. BC (725-700 BC)
Pitched roof and interior had two columns in the center. Between the two columns
was a hearth. Along the south wall is a long altar. It is of two slightly different levels.
Bronze cult statues? – Fr. Dreros (ca. 700 BC)
oFound on the levels:
Among the earliest cult statues. Their identity is not known. Think it
might represent Apollo in the center and his sister and mother on each
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