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Lecture 5

HIST 249 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Menstruation, Hippocratic Oath, Miasma TheoryPremium

2 pages35 viewsFall 2018

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 249
Professor
Faith Wallis
Lecture
5

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Not a lot of medical ethics in the Hippocratic oath
-
There are short essays about professional etiquette
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Pollution and Purification
What causes pollution (miasma)?
Contact with birth
Contact with death
Bloodshed
Menstruation
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What does pollution mean?
Temporary exclusion from the sanctuary
Therefore temporary inability to offer prayer to the god
-
What purifies (katharsis)?
Time (usually a short interval)
Water, change of clotting
Kathartic is a kind of drug that expels things from your body (makes you
vomit, etc)
-
Hippocratic oath emphasises the family relationship among doctors
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Hippocratic Oath
Swear to Gods to bring this oath to fulfillment
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Power and judgement come up over and over again in the oath (very important
for a doctor)
Doctor has power vis a vis his patients and in the art himself (it gives him
power) and he must exercise judgement (must not misuse that power)
-
Divine Medical Guild he is swearing in front of
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First part of the oath is a contract of association
Contract of apprenctice-ship
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Adopting himself into the family of his teacher and adopting his teacher as his
father and his teachers children as his siblings and won't charge them a fee
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Use regimen to help treat the ill and use judgement to keep them from being
harmed
Ex: diet
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Won't be an accessory to a crime
Suicide in the ancient world wasn't necessarily a crime or a shame
-
Will not give women an abortion
Abortion and infanticide was not uncommon and regarded as criminal in
the ancient world provided you were a man (in charge of the women
having the baby - father or husband could order abortion)
-
Will not do surgery because if they fail it affects the reputation of the doctor
(must leave this to a specialist)
-
Lecture 5 -Hippocrates
Tuesday, September 18, 2018
1:04 PM
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