HIST 304 Lecture Notes - Wojciech, Erich Honecker, Konstantin Chernenko

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
Department
Course
Beginning of End of Cold war in Europe
NATO, SS-20, Helmut Schmidt, SALT I/SALT II, CSCE, Helsinki, John
Paul II, Gdansk, Lech Walesa, Solidarity, Wojciech Jaruzelski, Cardinal
Wyszynski, Erich Honecker, Helmut Kohl, Franz Josef Strauss,
Brezhnev, lurii Andropov, Konstantin Chernenko, Pershing II, Cruise
Missile
Vladimir Vysotsky Soviet singer/songwriter/poet/actor
Final = April 17 6pm
3 sections
12 IDs (choose only three)
3 Essay Questions (choose 1) based on regions = China,
Germany and Egypt
3 Essay Questions (choose 1)
o role of nuclear weapons
o tensions between ideology and security
o relationship between leadership and
structure/environment
East Asia 1979 a critical year. China and US relations.
Mid East 1979 -83. Rise of Islamism, Iranian revolutions and soviet
war in Afghanistan. 1981 Sadat assassinated in Egypt. 1983 first
suicide attacks on western targets.
NATO-Double Track Decision and Afghanistan 1979
Dec 12 1979 members of western alliance proposed arms
limitation alliance with soviets. If Moscow refused, NATO
would station more IBMs aimed toward eastern Europe
1976 soviets deploying intermediate range missiles
1977 Schmidt expressing concerns
soviets did not violate SALT I of 1972 or ongoing SALT II
agreements intermediate range missiles did violate spirit of
agreements.
After US and SU signed SALT II, NATO decided to address
missile threats.
Bring soviet union to the negotiating table for this issue
Negotiate both countries undergo arms limitations or else US
would retaliate on a big level
Soviets gain equal status in cold war conflict, Soviets
interpreted as collapse in western capitalism
o Eastern oil crisis also good for soviets
o Able to better make domestic demands
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Soviet government embraced high oil prices indefinitely
Believed they were getting the upper hand, failed to take
NATO double-track seriously.
40th division of soviet army to Afghanistan. December 25
1979.
o Did not sit well in the west. Blatant, arrogant slap in the
face
o Collapse of détente.
o Carter withdraws SALT II treaty not ratified
Olympic Games 1980
1974 Olympic committee had to choose between LA and
Moscow
Soviets had applied at height of détente, hoped to paint SU as
a peace loving country
Brezhnev opened 22nd Olympic Games in Moscow on July 19
1980.
Brezhnev not all that intelligent?
War in Afghanistan just before games was disastrous
Americans targets Olympic Games
o Carter suggests Games to be moved, delayed or
cancelled if Soviet troops not withdrawn from
Afghanistan (refused to withdraw)
March 21 1980 Carter announces US to Boycott 1980 Olympic
Games
64 Western nations boycott the Olympic Games
Vladimir Vysotsky dies July 1980 SU goes into state of
mourning in the middle of the Olympic Games
o Number of events cancelled
o essentially a mass public funeral
1984 soviet states boycotted LA games
Poland 1980-1
Polish unrest in late 1970s
John Paul II very important spiritual leader, undermined
authority of communist party in Poland
Poled waiting summer 1980 for government to take a
misstep.
Polish prime minister boycotted Olympic ceremonies
1980 polish pole vault jumper beat out soviet athlete. Lead to
soviet-polish diplomatic dispute. Meat prices raised.
Workers in Gdansk, Lech Walesa and another worker had
been establishing workers unions outside of actual official
union which had been controlled by communists. Strike
demand for two workers to be rehired.
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Document Summary

Beginning of end of cold war in europe. Nato, ss-20, helmut schmidt, salt i/salt ii, csce, helsinki, john. Paul ii, gdansk, lech walesa, solidarity, wojciech jaruzelski, cardinal. Wyszynski, erich honecker, helmut kohl, franz josef strauss, Brezhnev, lurii andropov, konstantin chernenko, pershing ii, cruise. 3 essay questions (choose 1) based on regions = china, 3 essay questions (choose 1: role of nuclear weapons, tensions between ideology and security, relationship between leadership and structure/environment. Rise of islamism, iranian revolutions and soviet war in afghanistan. Dec 12 1979 members of western alliance proposed arms limitation alliance with soviets. If moscow refused, nato would station more ibms aimed toward eastern europe. Soviets did not violate salt i of 1972 or ongoing salt ii agreements intermediate range missiles did violate spirit of agreements. After us and su signed salt ii, nato decided to address missile threats. Bring soviet union to the negotiating table for this issue.

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