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End of Cold War in East Asia.docx

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HIST 304
Charlie Sharpe

End of Cold War in East Asia Terms: Hallstein, Zhou Enlai, Jiang Qing, Deng Xiaoping, Liu Shaoqi, Hua Guofeng, Richter, Beria, SALT II, Jimmy Carter, Tet, Sihanouk, Lon Nol, Khmer Rouge, Pol Pot (Saloth Sar), Kampuchea (Cambodia), Yunnan End of the begins in 1979 with John Paul II, ends in (Nov 9) 1989 with the end of the Soviet Union & fall of Berlin Wall End of the cold war in east Asia occurred within a few months in 1979. Middle East 1979-1983 What should we look for to know if the cold war is over?  Many of the remaining vestiges of the cold war actually predated the cold war (ex. Cuban-American hostilities, Taiwan, etc.)  Fall of Berlin Wall did not undermine the underlying causes of the Cold War. When did the Cold War end? What distinguished post-cold war period from Cold War period? East Asia  3 fundamental development Antagonistic relationship between US and China Appearance of communist lead national liberation movements ceased Region experiences tremendous growth and economic prosperity Middle East  Rise of Islamism as a major political force o Emergence after collapse of ottoman empire. Also came into strength after six day war.  1979-1983 (Thursday) Europe  Two big developments  Division of European land mass came to an end allowing people, trade and ideas to flow between east and west, created possibility for NATO and EU  Communism collapsed almost in uniform action in E. Europe and Soviet Union Multiple ends to Cold War: E. Asia, Middle East and then Europe.  Events in each area to a degree had consequences on the rest of the affected areas Sino-American diplomatic recognition (Jan 1 1979) Nixon’s Visit to China  Met with Zhou Enlai Joint communiqué (shanghai communiqué)  Feb 28 1972  Agree to disagree  Between US and PRC  Points of agreement o Sino-American normalization is in the interest of world peace o Desire to reduce danger of military confrontation o Neither side aspires hegemony over pacific  Taiwan left open – final status remains open  China insisted on own version of Hollstein document: One China Principal o All countries to develop relations with China had to officially sever ties with Taiwan  China made concessions  Beijing in need of economic aid  China sought to improve relations with E. Euro socialist countries  Chinese refused to repair relations with Soviet Union  China wanted to use the United States to counterbalance against Soviet Union, wanted to isolate Moscow  The US wanted to use China as a trump card to force the Soviet Union to make concessions, improve relations with Soviet Union  Domestic developments prevented full diplomatic concessions o Cultural revolution still developing in China o Average American distrusted Chinese, Nixon’s removal Zhou Enlai’s death, Jan 8 1978  Leading figure in Chinese government pushing for
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