Terms: Hallstein Doctrine, Godesberg Program, Ostpolitik, Le Duc Tho,
Walter Ulbricht, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Georg Kiesinger, Erich
Honecker, Willy Brandt, Günther Guillaume, Helmut Schmidt, Gamal
June 1953 – east Germany experienced an uprising. First to
experience unrest of all the eastern countries.
Khrushchev over Berlin – became Berlin Wall, tank confrontation and
Berlin and Germany signified presence of Cold War
Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the German Democratic
W. Germany became model economic state “economic
E> Germany a Stalinist state, radical policies, floundering
economy threatened with imminent collapse. Dependent on
soviet aid. Leaders insisted on soviet aid in order to become
model socialist state. No amount of aid could produce respect
for the administration
Refugees pouring from E. to W. Germany
E. German state battled internal rest than was only put
dowqn with force
W. and E. Germany – Siamese twins.
‟45-‟51 both were trying to achieve sovereignty – W.
Germany becomes NATO member and E. Germany signs onto
Warsaw pact in ‟55-„56
Two major political parties
o West German Government (Christian Democratic Union)
Hallstein Doctrine: only one state, FRG, GDR not
a state or country. Reinforced policy refused to
have diplomatic relations with any country that
DID recognize it. Would even sever relations with
previous allies. Provided economic aid to
developing countries, used to prevent others from
recognizing E. Germany. 1960s most of
developing world recognized FRG, not GDR
Followed a policy of firm alignment of an
integration with the western world
German prisoners of war incarcerated in Moscow. Adenauer – ok with unity but on his own terms.
Schemes to show that unity was possible, but
proposals always had a catch so that east German
states and soviet union would reject them.
Wanted free elections supervised by UN.
o West German Opposition Social Democratic
Reunification through Neutralization of Germany
in the Cold War
1966 coalition with conservative party. SPD
promoted German unity through neutrality –
opposed to western unification.
o East Germany – believed unification would occur after
capitalist collapse in W. Germany. Believed it would
become a socialist state.
o Two-state theory. W. Germany emerged out of fascism?
E. Germany „embraced‟ socialism.
Rapprochement, 1961-early 1970s
o Changes in W. Germany: Hollstein doc lost its support.
Humanitarian implications changed significantly after
berlin wall construction. E. Germany would not issue
visas. Berliners missing their family were critical of
o W. Germany tr