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German-German Rapprochement.docx

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McGill University
HIST 304
Charlie Sharpe

German-German rapprochement Terms: Hallstein Doctrine, Godesberg Program, Ostpolitik, Le Duc Tho, Walter Ulbricht, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Georg Kiesinger, Erich Honecker, Willy Brandt, Günther Guillaume, Helmut Schmidt, Gamal Abdel Nasser June 1953 – east Germany experienced an uprising. First to experience unrest of all the eastern countries. Khrushchev over Berlin – became Berlin Wall, tank confrontation and Checkpoint Charlie. Berlin and Germany signified presence of Cold War Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the German Democratic Republic (GDR).  W. Germany became model economic state “economic miracle”  E> Germany a Stalinist state, radical policies, floundering economy threatened with imminent collapse. Dependent on soviet aid. Leaders insisted on soviet aid in order to become model socialist state. No amount of aid could produce respect for the administration  Refugees pouring from E. to W. Germany  E. German state battled internal rest than was only put dowqn with force  W. and E. Germany – Siamese twins.  ‟45-‟51 both were trying to achieve sovereignty – W. Germany becomes NATO member and E. Germany signs onto Warsaw pact in ‟55-„56 Confrontation (1955-61)  Two major political parties o West German Government (Christian Democratic Union) Conservative  Hallstein Doctrine: only one state, FRG, GDR not a state or country. Reinforced policy refused to have diplomatic relations with any country that DID recognize it. Would even sever relations with previous allies. Provided economic aid to developing countries, used to prevent others from recognizing E. Germany. 1960s most of developing world recognized FRG, not GDR  Followed a policy of firm alignment of an integration with the western world  German prisoners of war incarcerated in Moscow.  Adenauer – ok with unity but on his own terms. Schemes to show that unity was possible, but proposals always had a catch so that east German states and soviet union would reject them. Wanted free elections supervised by UN. o West German Opposition Social Democratic  Reunification through Neutralization of Germany in the Cold War  1966 coalition with conservative party. SPD promoted German unity through neutrality – opposed to western unification. o East Germany – believed unification would occur after capitalist collapse in W. Germany. Believed it would become a socialist state. o Two-state theory. W. Germany emerged out of fascism? E. Germany „embraced‟ socialism. Rapprochement, 1961-early 1970s  Why rapprochement? o Changes in W. Germany: Hollstein doc lost its support. Humanitarian implications changed significantly after berlin wall construction. E. Germany would not issue visas. Berliners missing their family were critical of Hallstein doc. o W. Germany tr
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