HIST 304 Lecture Notes - Pope John Paul I, Encyclical, Sistine Chapel

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
McGill University
Department
History
Course
HIST 304
Human Rights & Vatican
Terms: CSCE (Conference for security and cooperation in Europe),
Helsinki, Geneva, EEC (EU), Amnesty International, Brandt, Ostpolitik,
Jackson-Vanik, Andrei Sakharov, Elena Bonner, Gorki (Nishni
Nocgorod), Humanae Vitae, Samizdat Liberature, Stafan Cardinal
Wyszynsjki, Charter 77, John XXIII, Paul VI, John Paul II, Cracow,
Lech Walesa, Gdansk, Encyclical
Natural Law derived from nature or reason, not from law
Human Rights before or after the French revolution?
Promoted by Christian advocates.
Modern regime not entirely secular
Roosevelt advisors was opposed to the creation of an
international human rights regime.
Lenin and Stalin attack the Russian Orthodox Church
1931 demolition of Cathedral of Christ the Savoir in Moscow
orthodox church in no position to facilitate resistance
resistance was against historical tradition of submission to
state authority
Protestant churches
Evangelical Lutheran church of Latvia
Baltic states had huge Lutheran populations (Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania)
Lutheran church in E. Germany and Czechoslovakia faired
better, not considered a threat and able to make deals wit
communist regimes to stay out of politics.
o Would ultimately play important roles in 1980s,
environmental movements.
Catholic church
Unlike other major churches in socialist world, had
international hierarchy.
Most states accepted it in international law and did not
intervene in church affairs
Leader, pope, lived outside of socialist world
Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania (ethnic Germans and
Romanians), Hungary (3/4), Czechoslovakia all contained
catholic populations
Largest community in Poland, over 90% practicing. Catholic
church has spent a lot of time unifying the country and
protecting it against foreign occupations
3 polish partitions
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Document Summary

Terms: csce (conference for security and cooperation in europe), Helsinki, geneva, eec (eu), amnesty international, brandt, ostpolitik, Wyszynsjki, charter 77, john xxiii, paul vi, john paul ii, cracow, Natural law derived from nature or reason, not from law. Roosevelt advisors was opposed to the creation of an international human rights regime. Lenin and stalin attack the russian orthodox church. 1931 demolition of cathedral of christ the savoir in moscow. Orthodox church in no position to facilitate resistance. Resistance was against historical tradition of submission to state authority. Baltic states had huge lutheran populations (estonia, latvia, Lutheran church in e. germany and czechoslovakia faired better, not considered a threat and able to make deals wit communist regimes to stay out of politics: would ultimately play important roles in 1980s, environmental movements. Unlike other major churches in socialist world, had international hierarchy. Most states accepted it in international law and did not intervene in church affairs.

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