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Lecture 8

Lecture 8.docx

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HIST 304
Charlie Sharpe

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Lecture 8 Harvey Lavan Van Cliburn, Jr. - American who won the first international thaikovski and the competition was to illustrate the USSR’s cultural superiority in 1958. The judges asked Khrushchev and he said if he was the best then give him the prize. March 5 th1953 Stalin died. He was still adored by many especially due to his leadership in the war, particularly his not leaving Moscow. He also had a terrible legacy Post war purges of ethnic minorities in southern russia. Also purging gov. Industries of jews. The fear of stalin’s rule spread to every aspect of the soviet world. Any one with any talent in any sphere at one point or another was afraid of him. Those closest to him did not call medical attention when he collapsed in his bedroom. They decided that they did not want another stalin not just because of fear, but also because of the totalitarian militarism and a reclaim for a degree of legitimacy and economic improvement. De-stalinization Reducing internal conflict - Legality and means of procedure allowing the citizens to have recourse against injustice. Less US conflict to reduce military spending allowing for increased economic improvement Malinkov was stalin’s official successor he would serve as the Chairman of the Council of Ministers. Lavrentii P. Beria (March to June of 1953) was the one who was most likely to succeed stalin and was deputy of NKVD and the one in charge of the nuclear project, he then became leader of KBG and he was also a vice chairman of the council of ministers along with Molotov and others. He was introduced to Roosevelt at Potsdam as Stalin’s Himmler. The thought of him coming to power was terrible to stalin’s rivals and in late June of 1953 Khrushchev took action. He was not a viable choice but he was a member of the Presedium and in late June Khrushchev accused him of being British spy and the rest of the Presedium one by one brought claims against Beria and Malenkov called Gen, Zoubok with troops to arrest Beria, who was sentenced to death and shot. Malenkov would remain Prime Minister (he had been chairman of the council of ministers) from 1953-1955 and Khrushchev was First Secretary (General Secretary under Stalin). He kicked malenkov out of power by accusing him of selling out east Germany in ’53. De-stalinization started almost right away even Beria provided some autonomy to countries under the USSR. st March 21 1953 the Presidium instructed for the investigation of purges and rehabilitations of prisoners. The problem was it was difficult to know why certian people were in prison and often they released people imprisoned for genuine reasons. December 31 1956 - investigation of the murder of S.M. Kirov many people believed that Stalin had him murdered. This brought about Stalin’s personal orders to shoot 37-38 alone and over 600,000 party members in total. Molotov, Voroshilov and Kaganovich were opponents to reading the th report to the 20 Party congress because they were afraid of being thought of as Stalin’s buddies. Khrushchev made a speech but it did not say everything in the report and in this speech he spoke out heavily about Stalin. Slowly the contents of the speech leaked out of the country. And this is known as the secret speech. Some how the polish communist party got a transcript of the speech and through the Israeli secret police and ended up in European and Western hands. De-stalinization had begun in fervor. The winter of 1956 to the spring of 1957 the Old crew (above) and the new guys were pitted against each other. During a meeting of the Presidium the old crew tried to remove him, but Khrushchev said that the centthl committee had to decide the the leader of the party. On June 20 1957 Molotov and Kaganovich were removed. Fall of 1957 Khrushchev forced Zukov into early retirement. By late 1957 Khrushchev became the sole leader, but there was still Berganin as Chairman of the Council of ministers. But he was later forced out of the positi
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