HIST 304 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Fulgencio Batista, Fidel Castro, Atlantic Ocean

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
McGill University
Department
History
Course
HIST 304
Lecture 10: Berlin
Key words: FRG, GDR, Khrushchev, Ulbricht, SED, Mikoyan, Adenauer,
de Gaulle, Bay of Pigs, Fidel Castro, Fulgencio Batista, Kim Il-sung,
Brezhnev, RIAS, Tupolev, Ilyushin, McMillan
Berlin symbolic of division of Germany
Last place in Europe with serious territorial conflict
Within 3 years, western countries combined to create Federal Republic
of Germany (FRG)
Stalin (GDR) German Democratic Republic
Controlled access to W. Berlin, eventually allies had to fly in supplies
1. Berlin/Germany 1953-1958
Walter Ulbricht (social democratic party, then communist party)
Chairman of the SED (1946-71) and Chairman of the State
Council (1960-71).
Had links to Comintern from 22, had met Lenin.
1930s-40s exiles to Paris, Prague and Moscow.
Survived Stalinist purges by selling out German comrades.
Worked with German POW to indoctrinate them to
communism.
After war sent back to Germany by Stalin to take over
political power and KPG (Communist Party of Germany). SED
Socialist Unity Party.
Policies, expropriated factories, took land and gave to
peasants.
East German socialism more advanced than Soviet socialism?
Work quotas, inflation (demand<supply), 1952-3 discontent
De-Stalinization paralyzed east German leadership,
challenged.
Demanded economic aid from soviets, showcase to the west.
June 17 1953 uprisings in E. Germany
Soviet army called in to suppress rebellion
Support for Ulbricht returned.
Suggestion of liberalization of economy denied
1954-55 soviets ended process of taking reparations, agreed that E.
Germans could postpone repayments of loans
1955 as part of Détente (De-Stalinization), Moscow recognized West
Germany (1974 US recognize E. Germany) W. and E. Germans
recognize each other in 1972
refuges
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Document Summary

Key words: frg, gdr, khrushchev, ulbricht, sed, mikoyan, adenauer, de gaulle, bay of pigs, fidel castro, fulgencio batista, kim il-sung, Last place in europe with serious territorial conflict. Within 3 years, western countries combined to create federal republic of germany (frg) Controlled access to w. berlin, eventually allies had to fly in supplies: berlin/germany 1953-1958. Walter ulbricht (social democratic party, then communist party) Chairman of the sed (1946-71) and chairman of the state. Had links to comintern from 22, had met lenin. 1930s-40s exiles to paris, prague and moscow. Survived stalinist purges by selling out german comrades. Worked with german pow to indoctrinate them to communism. After war sent back to germany by stalin to take over political power and kpg (communist party of germany). Policies, expropriated factories, took land and gave to peasants. Demanded economic aid from soviets, showcase to the west. June 17 1953 uprisings in e. germany. Soviet army called in to suppress rebellion.

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