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Lecture 10

Lecture 10 berlin.docx

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HIST 304
Charlie Sharpe

Lecture 10: Berlin Key words: FRG, GDR, Khrushchev, Ulbricht, SED, Mikoyan, Adenauer, de Gaulle, Bay of Pigs, Fidel Castro, Fulgencio Batista, Kim Il-sung, Brezhnev, RIAS, Tupolev, Ilyushin, McMillan Berlin symbolic of division of Germany Last place in Europe with serious territorial conflict Within 3 years, western countries combined to create Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) Stalin – (GDR) German Democratic Republic Controlled access to W. Berlin, eventually allies had to fly in supplies 1. Berlin/Germany 1953-1958 Walter Ulbricht (social democratic party, then communist party)  Chairman of the SED (1946-71) and Chairman of the State Council (1960-71).  Had links to Comintern from 22, had met Lenin.  1930s-40s exiles to Paris, Prague and Moscow.  Survived Stalinist purges by selling out German comrades. Worked with German POW to indoctrinate them to communism.  After war sent back to Germany by Stalin to take over political power and KPG (Communist Party of Germany). SED  Socialist Unity Party.  Policies, expropriated factories, took land and gave to peasants.  East German socialism more advanced than Soviet socialism?  Work quotas, inflation (demand
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