Lecture 10: Berlin
Key words: FRG, GDR, Khrushchev, Ulbricht, SED, Mikoyan, Adenauer,
de Gaulle, Bay of Pigs, Fidel Castro, Fulgencio Batista, Kim Il-sung,
Brezhnev, RIAS, Tupolev, Ilyushin, McMillan
Berlin symbolic of division of Germany
Last place in Europe with serious territorial conflict
Within 3 years, western countries combined to create Federal Republic
of Germany (FRG)
Stalin – (GDR) German Democratic Republic
Controlled access to W. Berlin, eventually allies had to fly in supplies
1. Berlin/Germany 1953-1958
Walter Ulbricht (social democratic party, then communist party)
Chairman of the SED (1946-71) and Chairman of the State
Had links to Comintern from 22, had met Lenin.
1930s-40s exiles to Paris, Prague and Moscow.
Survived Stalinist purges by selling out German comrades.
Worked with German POW to indoctrinate them to
After war sent back to Germany by Stalin to take over
political power and KPG (Communist Party of Germany). SED
Socialist Unity Party.
Policies, expropriated factories, took land and gave to
East German socialism more advanced than Soviet socialism?
Work quotas, inflation (demand