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HIST 375 (1)

HIST375 notes, Early roman empire (Start- Commodus ONLY).rtf

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HIST 375
John Serrati

All dates are lifetimes except emperors which are reigns LECTURE 1perod can also be called Pax Romana roman peace though there is an interuption with the civil wars of 6869 this is a time of internal peace This does not apply to the borders of the empire where expanision is still happening it is a myth that the roman emperors did not seek to grow the empire maybe to gain the respect of the army this is shown by more conquest early in the rule of emperorsthe great conquests are a thing of the past there is not Egypt or Macedonea anymore there is parthya reformed persian empire but it is very strong so there is a stalemate most of the conquests are in the northPublius Virgilius Maro 7019BCELucius Annaeus Seneca 4BCE65CEand Marcus Aurelius 161180CEtis is seen as the silver age of laten the golden age with Cicero and Caesar Great advances in human condition baths sanitation sewers improved access to fresh water best lefe expectancey in eurobe before the 19th century most structures were made of concrete the material was perfected in the mid first century it ensured longlivity and was easier to repairthe dome of the pantheon was not duplicated until 1436 in florence european civilisation did not recapture this technology for another 1200 years some scholars date the advent of the Renascence to 1436 for this reasondarkers side no real civil rights or human rights huge richpoor gap starvation was still common place Blood sport it is a myth that gladiators lives were horrible and short they took years to train and were expensive commodities and were even used as money in some cases thousands of gladiators died in arenas all over the empire during this period despite this much of the period was not studied in any great depth and now scholarishop has shifted away from this MODERN SCHOLARSHIPThis period is one of the most ignored periods in all clasics up until the 1990s it was classical greece and then the early roman empire classical greece the very late repbulic and eary empire only up to autustus or if your pushing it Nero the early imperial period is now not studdied widely just greece roman republic and late empiremany think Augustus brought forth order from chaos stability was ensured because the romans returned to a form of government where the people willing obeyed their laws this divides the empire into good eperors and bad emperors Sir Ronald Syme 19031989 views the emperors as thugs there were sentorial factions and not everyone was a client of the emperor Syme was the first to point out that the factional politics which bought down the repbulic the clashes between he lower and upper aristocracy were still there Symes view is that part of Ausustuss success was that he promoted the lower aristocracys desire of greater social mobility Syme was extreme but his theses still forms the core of how people view the early roman empire today Publius Cornelius Tacitus 56117CE works annals Histories Agricola born and raised in Galla Nabonensis Senator who held several highranking government positions between 89113LECTURE 2HIST 413 3200 Sicily triptacitus rarely talks about his own time likely because he is playing it safePliny the Younger voluminous letter writer letters cover period 79112Many are to Emperor Trajan 98117 Roman senator judge and provincial governor Close friend of Tacitus gaius Suetonius Tranquillus 69ca 130 Biographer of first twelve emperors Julius CaesarDomitian Secretary to Emperor Hadrian 117138 Client of Pliny the Younger Lucius Claudius Cassius Dio Cocceianus ca 150235 history covers period 753 BCE229 CE For Imperial period fragmentary after 46 Born and raised in Bithynia Senator who held several highranking government positions Titus flavius Josephus Ioseph Ben Matatyahu 37100 Commander against the Romans in the First Jewish Revolt 6673 Taken Prisoner in 67 Client of the
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