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Lecture 9

Lecture 9: The Restoration

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HIST 383
Brian Cowan

Lecture 9 The RestorationProfessor Brian CowanDate Sept 23 2011 begin with Restoration sets conditions under which later 18th c1660 nobody knew what would happen with restored monarchy Charles had Declaration of Greta he assured people they would have liberty of conscience Protestants are okay and no revenge would take place generated a lot of popular support after 11 years exile seemed like Charles could offer generous settlement for everyone seemed to be a little too moderate and forgiving according to the royalist supporters they wanted some revenge he needed to keep the royalists happy and to not alienate those subjects difficult balancing act what did the restoration restore what came back attempt to bring the state of the nation to the status quo balance of the way things were before the civil wars king would call new Parliament and rule in a Parliamentary way Anglican uniformity Royalists liked this was a big wish for some people religion was the big problem Charles seemed to be a very liberal religious king and this ticked some people off Act of Uniformity key pillar of legislation everyone had to conform to Episcopal church of England Dissenters would be excluded from the religious majority and their religion would be illegal punishment draconian measures passed in the early years of Charles reign Clerendin Code named after Earl of Clerendin and orchestrated Charles return difficult management of royalist friends meant that Clerendin ushered in some measures that were very extremethese acts are now known as the Clerendin Code December 1661 Corporation Act if you did not swear allegiance to the Crown take Anglican sacraments you could not take part in town government May 1662 Quaker Act singling out of the Quakers they thought they might have a plot against the king fear of plotting and subversion of religious dissenters applied to people who refused to take an oath or five or more Quakers met in a meeting 1662 Conventicle Act extended provisions of Quaker Act to all religious dissenters independent religious worship was a crime fear of a sedicious meeting expelled ministers who held dissenter beliefs lost livings source of revenue 1665 Five Mile Act ministers who refused to take provisions were not allowed within five miles of former parish to stop towns from rallying around former preacher point of measures was to stamp out dissent they failed major problem of long 18th c was how to deal with religious dissent
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