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Lecture 3

Lecture 3- The Strange Death of Liberal England.docx

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McGill University
HIST 386
Brian Lewis

Lecture 3: The Strange Death of Liberal England late 19thC era of development of mass society, mass commercialization, mass media, mass pol. parties, mass voting, mass education large scale economic changes mobile workforce with rudimentary literacy level organized state bureaucracy hand-in-hand with democratization Great Depression of 1873-1896 considerable economic fluctuations militancy of workers every developed country except Great Britain puts up protective tariffs gov'ts seek to mobilize citizens as taxpayers and soldiers give concessions allow the development of mass politics appealed to the newly literate urbanized and nationalized populations with state patriotism anthems flags jubilees and celebrations classical liberalism and its values are increasingly irrelevant Political Parties cut across classes, incorporating all sorts Tories strong support of monarchy patriotism against political radicalism Liberals free trade self-regulating economy limited gov't expenditure strict probity and accountability in gov't spending extension of pol., civil, and rel. liberties independence supported by non-conformists supported by organized labour (trade unions) liberals won huge support and landslide in 1906 election for supporting free trade liberal party doomed because of the ride of labour process of industrialization relatively drawn out successive Br. gov'ts less authoritarian and more accommodating than most Euro countries labourism expansion of trade unions, cooperative societies, self-help organizations no great enthusiasm for the state to have more power drive for an independent working class party lack of working class MPs in Parl. Independent Labour Party (ILP) no success in 1890s The Labour Representation Committee (LRC) in London 1900 key figures were actu
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