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Lecture 8

Lecture 8- Politics of the Interwar Period.pdf

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Department
History
Course
HIST 386
Professor
Brian Lewis
Semester
Fall

Description
Lloyd George's coalition gov't emerged as the PM of the grand coalition dominated by the conservative party conservatives prepared to put their full weight behind him to win the war once victory in sight, LG libs and cons. began to plan for a continuation of the coalition into peacetime electoral pact, pitting the coalition ag. the Labour Party and the other half of the split liberals first general election under the Representation of the People Act 1918 made possible by the war introduced universal manhood suffrage 21+ and to all who served in the war, regardless of age record of the new mass conscript armies conservatives no longer had qualms about giving votes to the glorious soldiers from the front record of women in the war effort gave them parl. vote for the first time BUT not on equal terms over the age of 30 can vote excluded those single women who had played THE major role in the munitions factories to persuade parl. to give the vote to them electorate 3x the size as last time known as the Coupon Election (after wartime ration coupons) spectacular victory LG continued to be popular, "the man who won the war" moment of victory after enormous bloodletting public in patriotic, vindictive mood calling for a punitive peace and hanging of German kaiser gov't promises to build a land fit for heroes to live in social reconstruction other liberals picked up on 28 seats labour got 63 seats 80% of electorate voted for the first time John Maynard Keynes attack on Treaty of Versailles blamed influence of HoC hard-faced men for a harsh, vindictive peace against Germany LG social policy established a ministry of health 1919 minister of health Christopher Addison set about providing housing for the most needy across the country extended provisions of the national insurance act deflationary policies Addison forced out of gov't Getty's Acts 1922 provide even more cuts labour unrest many strikes in postwar years trade unions pressed for higher wages and shorter hours Miners' Federation went on strike, hoped labour and transport unions would join them Black Friday, April 15th 1921 two refused to strike in sympathy with the miners averted a general strike whole strike collapsed a few months later weakened trade unions LG not as useful as the radical face of a conservative gov't many were wondering if it was time to ditch LG and break up the coalition Honours Scandal annual honours list included men who had made major contributions to LG's campaign funds corruption and cronyism Austen Chamberlain leader of the cons. party 1921 still supported coalition called a meeting of cons. pa
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